Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits with Stress in among Obsessive-Compulsive Patients

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits with Stress in among Obsessive-Compulsive Patients

Article excerpt

In general, one of the basic problems of human life is patients and disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).The obsession for human beings, both children and adults, is defined as thoughts, beliefs, imaginations, or unwanted shocks that disturb, spend time, or interfere with performance, and independent of other axial disturbances. However, the criterion of insight into the disorder (that is, the individual has not been used by individuals in terms of the course of the disorder that the thoughts & actions are obsessive, extreme, or unreasonable). On the basis of diagnostic criteria, obsessive actions they are defined as repetitive behaviors that take place in response to an obsessive thought, or in accordance with meaningful dry rules with the aim of preventing or reducing distress, or preventing an event or terrifying situation. Although these behaviors are not realistic or clearly overriding with the event that the individual is preventing, they are realistic. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a highly disabling anxiety disorder, which is usually thought of as an illness that requires lifelong treatment. An issue that needs to be addressed and adapted instead of treatment. Severe measures such as psychiatric surgery are still considered as a good way to cure extreme cases of this disease; the suffering and insensitivity of patients, as opposed to the scientific evidence of efficacy, justifies these measures. A decade ago, clinical professionals believed that OCD was a rare and almost disruptive disorder. But the findings from epidemiological studies suggesting that the prevalence of 1% to 3% of the disease was in the general population caused this belief. Michael Gelder encouraged everyone in a variety of ways to challenge therapies in the field of obsessive-compulsive disorder. His effective support for behavioral therapies in clinical settings has led to widespread use of cognitive-behavioral techniques for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Hayman has used various methods for predicting, treating, reducing the disorder for various researchers. Among these, methods or techniques that seem to play an important role in reducing these disorders are emotional intelligence and personality traits. Because the personality and its characteristics can be characterized by distinct patterns of thinking and excitement and behavior that make personalized interactions with each individual's physical and social environment. In other words, the way each person thinks and behaves reflects his personality. Thus, if we recognize the character of a person or patterns of his answers in different situations, we will be able to predict his behavior in new situations (Atkinson, 1983; Barani, 1993). On the other hand, emotional intelligence (EQ) is the ability to recognize, understand, and regulate emotions and use them in life. For the first time in 1990, psychology called Salvi introduced the term emotional intelligence for expressing the quality and understanding of emotions of individuals, sympathy with emotions Others and the ability to manage the mood of temperament, In fact, this intelligence involves recognizing goodnatured sentiment and using it to make the right decisions in life, in other words, an agent that motivates a person when he is defeated and, by virtue of having high social skills, leads to a good relationship with people who It seems to play an important role in reducing obsessive-compulsive disorder. In fact, emotional intelligence determines the failure of individuals with high intelligence and also the unexpected success of people with intermediate intelligence, that is, individuals with moderate general intelligence and high emotional intelligence are much more successful than those with high general intelligence and low emotional intelligence So emotional intelligence predicts people's success in life and how to deal with stress (Sobhi, 2011).

Method

This research has been applied in a targeted and applied manner and based on the data collection method, and the research design is analytical-descriptive. …

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