Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

The Mediating Role of Spiritual Well-Being in the Relationship between Attachment Styles and Psychological Well-Being of Isfahan's Counselors

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

The Mediating Role of Spiritual Well-Being in the Relationship between Attachment Styles and Psychological Well-Being of Isfahan's Counselors

Article excerpt

The 21st Century Psychology realizes that humans should devote their rational energy to the positive aspects of their experience. Because at the onset of psychology, the focus was on negative emotions such as anxiety and depression, sothatpositiveemotions suchashappinessand satisfaction were more painful than pleasures, but today, research on welfare and positive psychology is growing increasingly. Psychological well-being is defined as the development of the real talent of each individual (Vazokuz, Hervas, Rahuna, & Juss, 2009). There are two main approaches to the definition of well-being, pleasure and virtuosity. Based on the pleasure-orientation approach, well-being involves mental happiness, pleasure and avoidance of pain. On the other hand, psychologists, following the virtues of belief, believe that the main concept of well-being is the actualization of a person's potential in the process of his perception (Ryan & Desi,2001). Various factors affect psychological well-being, including internal satisfaction, income, age, race, employment, marriage and family, social contacts, life events, personality and health, and religion (Aid & Larson, 2013). Religion can be useful and helpful as a unifying principle and a great force for mental health. As the World Health Organization refers to physical, psychological, social and spiritual dimensions in the definition of human existential dimensions, the fourth dimension, the spiritual dimension, also addresses human evolution and evolution (McClain, Rosenfeld, & Britt Barth, 2003). Thus, it is expected that religion and the attainment of spirituality as an important part of people's lives will affect their health and well-being. Religion can be considered as a source of coping with the stresses of life; Argument believed that people would not be living in a vacuum and without resources with tense events, but they would rely on a system of beliefs and actions that affects Reduces the difficulty situation. Meanwhile, one can attribute what is happening to God, who wants to test him to learn something about him, or the successes and failures of everyday life as divine rewards or punishments. Consider (Yeganeh, 2013) which can affect people's lives and psyche. In addition to spiritual health, attachment styles are among the psychological characteristics that affect psychological well-being. Some researchers have attempted to answer the question of how early childhood experiences can affect it in adulthood (Aslani, Sayyadi, & Amanelahi, 2011). Attachment style theories emphasize on primary relationships in the family environment and they consider it to be effective on the next relationship. These theories consider attachment styles as stable and multi-dimensional factors and suggest how the family of the source can affect mental health and how to live it (Yang, Kalesko, & Vishar, 2009). The main result of the interaction between mother and child is the emergence of an emotional attachment between the child and the mother. This attachment, which indicates the emotional relationship between the child and the mother, causes the child to seek the comfort of being a mother, especially when feeling fear and uncertainty (Ahmadi Taher Soltani, Daneshvarpour, & Karimi, 2011). Safe people have more trust in the availability of their mothers and more than insecure (avoidant & ambivalent) people use it as a safe base. When the mother returns after a short separation, the safe people with him easily contact and interact. Avoiding people react with a breakdown and avoidance, and ambivalent people react with increasing doubts and anxiety between attachment and anger (Basharat, Jowshanlu, & Mirzamani, 2004). Since counselors are key people and influencers in the mental health of the community, it can be said that the kind of childhood attachment that can affect their psychological well-being is evident in three aspects of the attachment of a child to their nurse. First, a well-grounded one can calm the child better than anyone else. …

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