Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Comparison of Personality Characteristics and Resilience in People with Cardiovascular Disease and Normal Subjects

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Comparison of Personality Characteristics and Resilience in People with Cardiovascular Disease and Normal Subjects

Article excerpt

Cardiovascular disease in Iran and the world each year, nearly 32 million cases of heart attacks and stroke occur in the world. Which killed more than 17 million people? 60% of deaths occurred in the world in 2000 due to non-neglected diseases and it will be estimated until 2020 Reaches 73%. The share of cardiovascular disease is more than 48%. So that more than 20 million of the 64 million deaths in 2015 will be related to cardiovascular disease and if effective measures are not taken, deaths from chronic diseases are expected to increase by about 17% between 2005 and 2015 and from 35 million deaths to 41 million deaths (Samawat, 2012). Cardiovascular disease is currently the most common cause of death in most parts of the world and Iran, and includes 40% of all deaths. 25% of people with this disease die without sudden signs of sudden death or acute myocardial infarction. Most cases of premature coronary artery disease are directly related to the number and severity of atherosclerotic risk factors, A positive family history (coronary artery disease in one ofthe first-degree relatives of people under 55 in men and 65 years in women) is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (Sabahi & Akbarzadeh, 2014). Of the related factors, it can even be said that effective in heart disease is personality. Personality can be defined in different aspects; the basic concept of personality is a social image and is drawn based on the role that a person plays in society. That is, in fact, the person gives his community a personality that the society evaluates on the basis of it. On the personality dimensions of individuals, scientists presented various views and different categorizations. These include the Robert McCarry and Paul Costa Five Personality Model (1992). The five-factor model divides the personality into five dimensions of neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, adaptability, and openness to admitting experiences. Each individual according to their characteristics according to this model can have a specific attitude and tendency towards organizational tasks and goals. They have a total of 30 personality traits. Research in recent years has shown that the five personality dimensions are the basis of other personality traits (Costa & McCraey, 1992). Another relevant and effective factor in cardiac disease is resilience; resilience is the ability to successfully adapt to threatening conditions. Resilience is considered to be a person's positive adjustment in response to ill-posed conditions. Researchers believe resiliency is not only a lasting anti-harm or threat condition, but an active and constructive individual in the environment. Resilience is considered to be a person's ability to maintain a healthy life balance in dangerous situations (Walsh, 2006). The successful coping of a person with stressful factors and difficult times of life along with healthy physical and psychological well-being requires the ability to be called resilience. Resilience is a personality trait that is associated with the spread of chronic diseases as a psychological factor and is defined in healthy science as an ability to cope with life problems and acts as a shield against everyday life events.

Method

Participants

The statistical population of this study was all patients with coronary artery disease in Shiraz in the summer of 2017 that were referred for treatment and treatment in central, Kosar and Ordibehesht hospitals of Shiraz. Among the statistical population ofthe study, according to the sample size in similar studies, 80 patients were selected by purposeful sampling and the normal group (without physical illness) also had 80 people matched with age, sex, education, employment and marriage were chosen. Both groups were evaluated by a conscious consent of the research, with personality assessment and variability questionnaires.

Instruments

Personality Questionnaire NEO-FFI: This questionnaire contains 60 questions which are based on factor analysis of the NEO -PI scores performed in 1986. …

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