Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Influence of Maternal Efficacy on the Psychological Well-Being of Their Teenage Children

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Influence of Maternal Efficacy on the Psychological Well-Being of Their Teenage Children

Article excerpt

With the advent of globalization and privatization the world today is undergoing a phenomenal change in the economic growth of developing countries like India and as a result there has been a significant impact on the dynamics of human relationships. India in particular has had a significant increase of the women workforce in the employment market. A nationwide survey conducted by Indian Census Bureau (2013) reveals that such changes have caused a major impact in the family relationships and in the family dynamics in the recent years. As a result social problems like juvenile delinquency, crime rates, child abuse, divorces, marital problems and suicides are on the increase. Such societal problems may be attributed to decreased involvement and poor prioritization of individuals towards home and family activities.

It is an undeniable truth that all aspects of human development begin at home. Freud the father of Psychology quotes that a normal human being is one who is able to love and be loved, thus implying the significance of a loving, secure environment in the growth of a normal human being. Home and parenting thus become determining factors in the normal and successful functioning of an individual.

As our society becomes more and more industrialized, there is a danger of parents becoming too involved in providing their families with the economic necessities and neglecting their children's psychosocial needs. Parents will tend to spend more time in paid employment outside the home, thus leaving them with very little time to interact with their children. Low level parent-child interaction is expected to be detrimental not only to parents' perception of their parenting efficacy, but also to their children's development (Luster & Kain, 1987; Simons et at., 1990; Teti & Gelfand, 1991).

Developmental psychologists have strongly communicated their belief in the importance of a happy childhood in the personal and psychological well-being of an individual in the later part of his adult life. Childhood is a crucial stage in the growth and development of an individual and it is a stage that becomes void and incomplete without the love, security involvement and the close monitoring of parents. Thus parenting is a function and a responsibility that individuals are expected to perform to ensure positive developmental outcomes of the child. Successful and effective parenting ensures successful and effective functioning and development of the child as an individual. In a critical review of the concept of parental efficacy, de Montigny and Lacharité (2005) argue that there is a distinction between parental efficacy and parental competence. Specifically they define parental efficacy as 'beliefs or judgements a parent holds of their capabilities to organise and execute a set of tasks related to parenting a child' (p. 390). Other authors propose similar definitions:'the belief that one can effectively perform or manage tasks related to parenting' (Teti & Gelfand, 1991) 'a parent's beliefs in their ability to influence their child and the environment in ways that would foster the child's development and success' (Ardelt & Eccles, 2001). The current study is therefore aimed at understanding the necessities of good parenting on the comprehensive development and grooming of the child to be an effective individual. The essence of the current study lies in making parents understand the importance of parenting in the healthy development of the child that will empower parents to gain adequate parenting knowledge in order to demonstrate high levels of parental competence, which in turn foster positive developmental outcomes in their children. Keeping these in mind the investigator framed the following objectives for the study.

Keeping in line with the above observations the researcher designed the present study to determine the relationship between the selected parenting factor (i.e., maternal efficacy) and child development outcome (i. …

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