Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Financial Interpretation of Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) on Nutrition for Children

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Financial Interpretation of Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) on Nutrition for Children

Article excerpt

The early years are the most valuable and vulnerable period when there are paramount risks to survival, healthy growth, development and susceptibility to a vicious cycle of under-nutrition and disease/infections of an infant. These early years are also crucial for cumulative lifelong learning and human development through physical, cognitive, emotional, social and linguistic development (MWCD, Working group on child rights for the 12th five year plan). The Ministry of Women and Child development has been continuously taking initiatives in context of nutrition through different flagship schemes and programmes for women and children in the country. There are a number of schemes and programmes affecting directly or indirectly to the nutritional status of children (06 6 age). In spite of these, levels of malnutrition and related health problems in the country are genuinely high. It is also therefore necessary to assess the child budget in context of nutrition among children. Here, this paper analyses the budgetary commitment of ICPS towards child protection and discusses about initiatives of this scheme for providing nutrition to children those staying in institutional settings (Children Homes).

Nineteen percent of world's children live in India. India is home to more than one billion people, of which 42 percent are children, defined as people under-18 years of age. There are about 43 crore children in the age group of 0-18 years, of which about 16 crore are represented by the young child under 6 years of age (MWCD, Working group on child rights for the 12th five year plan, P.8). It is estimated that around 170 million or 40% of children in India are vulnerable to or experiencing difficult circumstances. Around 11 million children live on the streets in India (UNICEF). They are exposed to health hazards, harassment and exploitation and around 90 million are child labourers (5-14 ages) in India (NSSO). The UN Convention on the Rights of the child, to which India is a signatory, guarantees every child's right to protection. Article (6) of the Constitution of India also mentions survival and development of the child in India.

Child-sensitive social protection is an evidence-based approach that aims to maximum opportunities and developmental outcomes for children by considering different dimensions of children's wellbeing. It focuses on addressing the inherent social disadvantages, risks and vulnerabilities, children may be born into, as well as those acquired later in childhood due to external shocks. It is thus best achieved through ICPS. ICPS is aimed at bringing much-needed convergence across various sectors in the Government as well as society at large to ensure that all children come under the protective umbrella of the State and the community.

Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) is one of the major flagship Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) for child protection in our country which was introduced in 2009 and is the only instrument to implement Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act (JJ Act). This broadening of concern of ICPS ensures that problems of child vulnerability and child protection are best approached through prevention; community oriented family based, noninstitutional alternatives (Mehta & Carenhas). ICPS is based on the principles of 'protection of child rights' and 'best interests of the child' and aims to institutionalize services for emergency outreach, family and community based care, counselling and support. ICPS sensitizes functionaries in the system towards child protection and raise public awareness. It seeks to put in place both preventive and curative mechanisms for a child needing protection from exploitation, harassment, health hazards etc. The model adopts Government-Civil Society partnership to ensure child protection and create a safe and healthy environment for the children of India.

The objective of ICPS scheme is to contribute to improvement in the well-being of children in difficult circumstances, as well as to the reduction of vulnerabilities to situations and actions that lead to abuse, exploitation, abandonment and separation of children from their families (MWCD, 2015-16). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.