Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Measuring Research Performance of Himachal Pradesh Institutions: Using Citation Analysis

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Measuring Research Performance of Himachal Pradesh Institutions: Using Citation Analysis

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)


Himachal Pradesh has been known as a hilly land of God, endowed with natural beauty. It is also known for the standard of education. As per Census of India, in 2001, Himachal Pradesh achieved 76.48% literacy rate which increased to 82.80% in 2011. As per Census of India 2011, among 35 states and union territories of India, Himachal Pradesh holds the 11th position with respect to its literacy rate. The government of Himachal Pradesh is not only focusing on school education but also encouraging the establishment of quality higher learning institutions. For the last few decades, Himachal Pradesh has emerged as a hub of higher education enveloping various universities, specialized institutions, and institutions of national importance. Currently, the higher education of Himachal Pradesh envelops over 23 universities, One Indian Institute of Technology, One National Institute of Technology and other specialized research institutions. All these institutions are expected to deliver a quality output with respect to students and research.

In this study, an effort is being made to analyse research output of ten prominent institutions of Himachal Pradesh which are dealing with quality higher education and research.


Although, across the world, various bibliometric studies have been conducted in the pursuit of evaluating or measuring research output of an institute, region, country or subject but limited studies explored the research output of Himachal Pradesh (India). Singh (2015) conducted a scientometric study of publications published by Central University of Himachal Pradesh during 2011-2014. He extracted the data from the Web of Science (WoS) index and found only 28 publications. The analysis revealed that about 92.86% of publications were produced in multiple authorship and from these, about 14.29% were internationally co-authored. Madaan (2015) analysed publications of Himachal Pradesh (India) by retrieving data from SCOPUS for the period of 1952 to January 2015. She discussed decade-wise growth of publications, most prolific authors and most preferred journals for publications. She found that among ten prolific authors, seven are from Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla. She further analyzed that authors affiliated to district Shimla have written the high number of publications because many prominent institutions are located in this district. The study reflected that production of pure and applied science publications prevailed more as compare to social sciences. Agriculture is the most promising subject area of research in the state. Ray, Shah and Nundy (2016) measured research output of 579 Indian medical institutions and hospitals, affiliated to MCI or NBE, published during 2005 to 2014. They used Scopus database of extracting required data. They found that about 57.3% of these medical institutions did not have a single publication, whereas 4.3% of the medical institutions published over 100 research papers during the period of study. These institutions contributed 40.3% to the total medical research output of the country. In Himachal Pradesh, the Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla found the top place by contributing about 743 publications during this period.

A few reports have also highlighted the status of research in Institutions of higher learning in Himachal Pradesh. Kumar et al. (2017) submitted a report on measuring the performance of Indian universities with respect to research output in science and technology to SERC, Department of Science & Technology, Government of India. The study was based on data retrieved from Scopus for the year 1998 to 2008. The Himachal Pradesh University found 48th position among 50 universities of India ranked on the basis of h-Index. In view of the maximum number of publications, among 20 North Zone universities, Himachal Pradesh University was ranked 12th in Physics, 17th in Chemistry, 7th in Mathematics, 20th in Biology, 20th in Energy, 11th in Chemical Engineering, 14th in Engineering and 8th in Material Science. …

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