Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Correlation between Journal Citation Indices for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Journals

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Correlation between Journal Citation Indices for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Journals

Article excerpt

Introduction

The mainstream scientific journals must meet quality criteria and are measured through scientometric tools. The quality of a scientific contribution is primarily estimated from the impact that it has in science, inferred from the citations in scientific articles that a contribution receives(Cantín, Muñoz, & Roa, 2015). This study of research is important for teachers, scientists and for librarians. This study will also help biochemistry and microbiology research centers and researcher to find suitable journals to submit their research papers.

The "Journal Impact Factor" (JIF) is the key pointer of scientific reputation of journals. JIF is calculated annually by Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and by definition in any given year is the ratio of the number of articles cited all citable documents published in the two previous years to all citable documents in the same period of time(Ramin & Shirazi, 2012).

The open access SJR database was launched in 2007, and has been regularly updated twice a year with new data and new features. It is likely to encourage the development of further metrics and the relationships among them as suggested and practiced by the most competent, highly active and innovative scientometricians(Jacsó, 2010).

The EigenfactorTM score is another variation on the same idea. The authors, however, use Clarivate Analytics' JCR data. Details of their method can be found at http://www.eigenfactor.org/proiects/iournalRank/iournalsearch.php .The Eigenfactor® Project is an academic research project co-founded in January 2007 by Carl Bergstrom and Jevin West (pictured below), and sponsored by the West Lab at the Information School and the Bergstrom Lab in the Department of Biology at the University of Washington(Bergstrom, 2007).

Google Scholar (GS) is an open access scientific search engine that is getting gradually significance in the scientific community despite its limitations. In April 2012, Google Scholar Metrics has been launched and aimed to provide a tool for journal ranking and evaluation. By providing journal ranking indices (h5-index and h5-median thus far), Google Scholar actually introduce itself as an important Competitor in the field of scientometrics alongside WOS and SCOPUS(Kianifar, Sadeghi, & Zarifmahmoudi, 2014)

The main objective of this study focused on comparing and linking quality metrics and factors of biochemistry and molecular biology certain journals. The main objective of this research work is to recognize database coverage of biochemistry and molecular biology journals in Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar to determine correlation strength of bibliometric factors and its subsequent relevance in indicating influence and prestige of journals of biochemistry and molecular biology as per JIF, ES, SJR and Google H5-index indicators.

Review Literature

Ranked journal lists are of allow the reduction of uncertainty in the process of choosing publication targets and assessing research output (Pajić, 2015). The mainstream scientific journals must meet quality criteria and are measured through scientometric tools (Cantín et al., 2015). The Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus are the two foremost citation databases that are regularly employed to rank journals in a discipline in terms of their productivity as well as the total citations received so as to indicate the journals impact, influence or prestige. (Abrizah, Zainab, Kiran, & Raj, 2013). Journal popularity status counts citations, while the journal prestige recursively weights them with the prestige of the citing journals (Franceschet, 2010).

Journal impact factor is the major indicator of scientific importance of journals. JIF is calculated annually by Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)5 and by definition in any given year is the ratio of the number of articles cited all citable documents published in the two previous years to all citable documents in the same period of time (JIF) achieved widespread acceptance in the scientific world(Ramin & Shirazi, 2012). …

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