Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

An Analysis of Research Publication on Colorectal Cancer in Asian Countries

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

An Analysis of Research Publication on Colorectal Cancer in Asian Countries

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction: As per World Health Organization factsheet Noncommunicable diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes kill forty million populations every year which is equal to seventy percent of death globally of which cancer accounts for 8.8 million. "Cancer is a dreaded one and the fear becomes real only when cancer touches oneself or those close to you"1. As per GLOBOCAN 2012 figure presented below, the estimated number of cases worldwide is 1, 40, 67,894 of which Lung, Breast, and Colorectal are in the top three cases. While comparing the estimated number of cases worldwide and Asia notice 67,63,030 cases i.e. 48.07% of the estimated number of cases is in Asia. Lung, stomach, Breast, and Colorectum are the most prevalent cases in Asia. It is one of the third most common cancers that affect men and second among the women. Pourhoseingholi (2012); J. Sung (2007) Increased burden of colorectal cancer in Asia reveals that there is an increasing rise in incidence and mortality rate of Colorectal Cancer (CRC) in Asia which was considered previously low by Boyle & Levin (2008). Asia must take steps to prevent such emerging epidemic CRC related cases. Unlike developed countries most of the Asian countries access to health care for screening purpose is low, due to lack of awareness among the people Pourhoseingholi (2012); J. Sung, (2007); J. J. Sung et. al., (2005).

To reduce such impact and burden on society various agencies like world health organization, American Cancer society etc. along with several other organizations have been taking several steps. One among such steps is the 2030 agenda for sustainable development by WHO "Cancer Prevention and Control through an Integrated Approach" resolution 2017 to reduce the premature mortality from cancer2.

AS per notifications of American Cancer society the abnormal changes in genes structure or abnormal growth of the cell in colon or rectum is known as colorectal cancer. Colorectal Cancer takes the form of a polyp (a noncancerous growth) that develops inside the colon or rectum and grows slowly, for over a period of time i.e. 10 to 20 years (Stryker et al., (1987); Winawer & Zauber, (2002). An adenomatous polyp, or adenoma, is the most commonly found among all individuals will eventually develop one or more adenomas Bond, (2000); Schatzkin et. al., (1994). Although all adenomas have the potential to become cancerous 10% are estimated to progress to invasive cancer Levine & Ahnen (2006); Risio (2010). The likelihood that an adenoma will become cancerous increases as it becomes larger Pickhardt et al., (2013). But it must be clear that adenocarcinoma accounts for approximately 96% of all CRCs Stewart et. al., (2006). Early CRC often has no symptoms, which requires screening. Screening facilities and lack of awareness are noticed among the Asian population which acts as a major hindrance from prevention of such CRC related threats; for which Asia must take immediate action to prevent and provide cost-effective screening facilities and extensive research and awareness on CRC Pourhoseingholi (2012); J. Sung (2007); J. J. Sung et al., (2005).

In line with this, from an academic point of view it is important to understand what are the steps taken by the academicians related to CRC research, i.e. exploring the types of scholarly communications available, who contribute extensively are there any collaboration in the CRC research and which countries in Asia contribute most.

There are number of studies conducted for different field of research by various authors like in the field of Oncology research by Patra & Bhattacharya (2013); Ranganathan (2014) covering different databases; based on various parameters like research growth, author productivity, authorship pattern, geographical distribution of the literature, global share of international collaborative papers and major partner countries and patterns of research communication. …

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