Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Research on the Family Language Education for Migrant Children in Northwest China: Based on the Sample of Xi'an City*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Research on the Family Language Education for Migrant Children in Northwest China: Based on the Sample of Xi'an City*

Article excerpt

The Blue Book for Migrant Children: China's Education Development Report for Migrant Children (2016), published in March 2017, pointed out that the total number of migrant populations in China had reached 247 million by October 1, 2015, and that one out of every six people in the country was in the "floating" category. As the children of the migrant population, the two groups, the floating children and the left-behind children, are among them. The total number is about 100 million (Yang, 2009). In recent years, with the in-depth development of research, the promulgation of various national measures and social concern and support, the school education of migrant children has been gradually solved, but the problem of family education has gradually emerged (Guo & Liu, 2015). Family is the basic support for migrant children to integrate into the inflow area, the starting point of individual socialization, and the initial place for the formation of world outlook, values and outlook on life (Zhang, 2016). How to carry out family phonetic education is related to the lifelong development of children, the vital interests of millions of families and the future of the country and the nation. China has entered a new period with the improvement of urbanization quality as the core, and the urban agglomeration in the central and western regions will become a new growth pole of floating population (Yang, 2016). With the construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt, the urbanization of Northwest China has intensified, and a large number of left-behind children have been transformed into migrant children. The family problem of migrant children has been highlighted, causing widespread concern in the academic circle. As the proportion of "three generations" of migrant families increases, the number of highly educated migrants has increased; the desire for urban integration has strengthened; the differences between generations and the collision of different languages and cultures in different places have intensified; and the situation of multi-lingual and multi-lingual migrant children's families is becoming more and more complicated. Family education is particularly important for migrant children in the trinity of family education, school education and social education. Therefore, a thorough analysis of the current situation of family language education for migrant children in Northwest China is of great significance for migrant children, their families and even the society.

Research methods

Xi'an is the central city in Northwest China and also accommodates the largest number of migrant children's families in Northwest China. The researchers also live in Xi'an, which is convenient for data investigation. At least 30,000 to 50,000 migrant workers live in every village in Xi'an, and their children have lost the opportunity to continue education because of economic or school reasons. These children come from more than 20 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in Anhui and Sichuan. Most of their parents are engaged in wholesale and retail trade, catering services and other social services. Many children have missed the age of schooling because their parents are moving around the country. Xi'an Boda School and Xi'an Qinbei Boarding School are two large-scale full-time closed-end schools for children of migrant workers in Xi'an. The school mainly aims at the children of migrant workers around Xi'an, and solves their children's difficulties in school. The two schools are the large-scale children's schools of migrant workers in Xi'an and hold the largest number of migrant children in Xi'an. In this paper, questionnaires and interviews are used to obtain the data. The two cities in Xi'an were surveyed by questionnaires, and the respondents were parents. The questionnaire was brought home by students and uniformly collected the next day. A total of400 questionnaires were distributed, and 378 qualified questionnaires were collected, indicating a recovery rate of 94. …

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