Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Selection of Cooperative Enterprises in Vocational Education Based on ANP*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Selection of Cooperative Enterprises in Vocational Education Based on ANP*

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)

It was pointed out in Guo-Fa (2014) No.19 Decision of the State Council on Accelerating the Development of Modern Vocational Education that: "it is necessary to study and formulate relevant regulations and incentive policies to promote school-enterprise cooperation, deepen integration of production and education, encourage the industries or enterprises to organize or participate in vocational education and give play to the important role of enterprises in education (The State Council of the People's Republic of China, 2014), which fully reflects the important position of enterprises in vocational education. However, this has raised an important question - which companies can participate in vocational education, or can all companies, whether large or small, technologically advanced or not, participate in the vocational education as a major role? In other words, it is a matter of selecting the appropriate enterprise in vocational education.

At present, judging from the international successful experience and domestic policy orientation, it is imperative to study how to select the enterprises involved in vocational education. Firstly, according to the German regulations Federal Vocational Education Act, it is a right of an enterprise to participate in vocational education, but such enterprise must be investigated, evaluated and certified by the corporate training and consulting department of the industry association before it implements vocational training. The criteria used by the industry associations to select an enterprise include: (1) the enterprise has the training regulations and framework plan in place for the training-targeted occupation; (2) the enterprise has an overall training plan; (3) the enterprise's production type, products or services and production methods must meet the requirements for teaching of the required knowledge and skills specified in the training regulations; (4) the enterprise has sufficient equipment and devices for training, including machines, tools, instruments, and training materials; (5) the enterprise has an appropriate training venue; (6) the ratio of the number of trainees to the number of professionals in the enterprises should meet relevant regulations (Liu, 2011). Secondly, it was pointed out in Jiao-Zhi-Cheng (2015) No.7 Action Plan for Enhancing the Management Level of Vocational Schools (20152018)" that "efforts should be made to introduce excellent cultures into campus, promote the excellent traditional Chinese culture and modern industrial civilization, enhance the accumulation of technical skills and cultures, invite model workers, skilled workers and outstanding graduates, etc. to schools, bring industrial culture and excellent corporate culture into campus and develop students' career goals and professionalism" (Ministry and Education, 2015). In 2006, it was pointed out in the Implementation Opinions on Promoting Work-integrated Learning and Part-work and Part-study Program in Secondary Vocational Schools in Guangdong Province: "it is necessary to arrange students to take internships in large and medium-sized enterprises and institutions with advanced production technologies, strict management and standardized business practices, legal compliance and good reputations (Department of Education of Guangdong Province, 2006)".

Research Tool

Analytic Network Process (ANP) is a new decision analysis method proposed by Professor T.L. Saaty at the University of Pittsburgh in 1996. The ANP method uses a network-like structure rather than a simple hierarchical structure to represent the relationships among the elements in the system. This structure consists of a control layer and a network layer, among which, the control layer includes the problem objectives and decision criteria, while the network layer consists of all elements controlled by the control layer but interacting with and dominating each other. ANP can more accurately describe the relationship between the objective things, and thus it is a more effective decision-making method. …

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