Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Application of Music Education in Brain Cognition

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Application of Music Education in Brain Cognition

Article excerpt

As an elegant art, music offers an access to human emotion experience. It emerges in the social life of humans in the countries and regions, regardless of race disparity. It also acts as an integral part to constitute the human art life. In this art experience, cerebral phronetal functions of human are infected by the music melody to unconsciously influence and change people's lifestyles and thinking habits with it (Moreno, 2009). This phenomenon occurs because concerts activate dopamine in the cerebral cortex system in the brain, which will regulate and awaken people's attention, emotion, learning, memory, and decision, even all aspects (Chlan, Engeland & Savik, 2013). Among multiple individuals, the simultaneous activation of these brain systems may be synchronized with the music structure and tune. Music also benefits human learning and other behaviors, and can improve human adaptability to environmental transitions, accelerate the evolution of living things.

The study of brain neuroscience has fully revealed such a fact that complex psychology activities are involved in human learning process. The purpose of education is to far more than just learn some available knowledge or skills. It is not limited to textbook teaching in universities, but involves the psychological and neurocognitive processes of the entire life cycle (Jones, 2009). If learners' emotional and psychological activities get a full stimulus during the learning, anyone can adapt to the challenges arising from economic turmoil, environmental degradation or population aging. Educational neurology based on brain cognition strongly advocates the cognitive control and perceptibility during students' learning process. It is believed that social experience and emotional experience should be advanced using several methods in the learning process. As a complex learning and practice activity, music involves many aspects of human psychology and neurology, so that it may play a greatly catalytic effect on learners' learning since it can stimulate multiple neural modules in the brain by functions, fully mobilize the fluctuated emotion of learners and influence their learning effect. What's more, it can change specific functions of these brain neural networks or repair neuron systems in impaired brain systems. Many studies show that the music training covers a series of sensory organs which may participate in the process, and allows a variety of motor skills to be developed, so as to play a significant effect on emotions, memory and higher-order cognition (Spilka, Steele & Penhune, 2010). The cognitive activation under music is reflected from the fact that it can activate the brain's emotions and neural networks, integrate multiple brain system modules into the music training and appreciation. Up to now, there are more than 100 neuroimaging studies, which all suggest that multiple neuron systems will be activated in people's brain while they listen to music and recall music performances. Hence in this sense, scholars discover that those people who have been exposed to the intensive music training have great difference from those people who have never access to music in brain size, shape, density, and connectivity (Hyde et al., 2009). Music provides a "brain motivation" for new education model based on brain cognition in the future, broadly improving the learning skills and happiness exponent of our individuals and communities. On this basis, this paper explores the relationship between music learning and brain-cognition-based education, analyzes the unique role of music in cognitive education. Beyond that, reasonable advice is also given herein.

Music learning and brain cognitive mechanism

Analysis of cognitive relationship between music and cranial nerves

Music as a human activity with high degree of participation requires participants to have certain perceptual skills, including pitch recognition, auditory memory, selective attention, and perception of the music time and structure, all of which constitute a distributed brain neural network (Peretz & Zatorre, 2005). …

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