Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Evaluation and Analysis of Competitiveness of Regional Higher Education in China Based on Individual Advantage Characteristic*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Evaluation and Analysis of Competitiveness of Regional Higher Education in China Based on Individual Advantage Characteristic*

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

As a key core factor affecting the development level and potential of a region or a country, the competitiveness of higher education is mainly embodied in its outstanding ability and relative advantages in the level of development and the effectiveness of production. This requires that the competitiveness evaluation of higher education accurately identify the development status and advantageous features of higher education in all regions of the state from a variety of indicators, which is conducive to making scientific decisions [2] to promote and enhance the development of regional higher education. In essence, as an important part of regional competitiveness, it not only subordinate to the subsystem of regional economic and social system, but also a complex system itself (Wang Fang & Sun, 2012). This makes the index elements that reflect the level and state of higher education competition also constitute a complex system. These indicators exist in different states and are in different dimensions and levels. Therefore, the effective identification and analysis of the advantages of regional higher education competitiveness has become a technical problem in the field of higher education competitiveness. The research on the competitiveness of higher education shifts from focusing on the relationship between regional higher education competitiveness and regional economic development to paying attention to the nature of regional higher education competitiveness. The former mainly reveals the mutual interdependence, mutual influence and mutual restriction between higher education and regional economic development (Zhang, 2003; Li, 2005; Wang & Wang, 2006; Ma, 2007; Zhang, 2008; Zhou, 2011; Wang Wei & Guo, 2015). In recent years, most scholars pay more attention to the latter, taking the competitiveness of higher education as the breakthrough point. For example, Zhao (2008), Si (2008), Zhang (2011), Xu (2013), Wang et al., (2016) studied the competitiveness of regional higher education, and then put forward corresponding suggestions and countermeasures for the development of regional higher education. In the aspect of analysis and evaluation methods, linear regression method, data envelopment analysis method (Data, Envelopment, Analysis, DEA) and the factor clustering and variance analysis and other means of quantitative or qualitative analysis of related data is adopted. These methods can be used to sort and analyze the competitiveness of regional higher education from different perspectives, which has certain reference significance for decision-makers and relevant managers. However, in the process of evaluation, they failed to shake off the idea of "unification". That is to say, in terms of index weight, the subjective color is heavy, which cannot effectively and comprehensively highlight the advantages of regional higher education competitiveness. This paper introduces the theory of competitive advantage analysis, which can effectively identify the advantages and characteristics of the object. Therefore, the evaluation of individual competitive advantages of regional higher education competitiveness in China can provide effective decision-making support for the relevant departments of education management.

Identification method of individual advantage characteristic of regional higher education competitiveness

The identification of individual advantageous features in Regional Higher Education

The so-called individual advantage characteristic refers that for an object being evaluated, if the evaluation results of the object under certain index weight allocation scheme are better than the evaluation results under any other index weight, then it is called that this object has individual advantageous features under this weight [17]

The analysis of the individual advantageous features of regional higher education competitiveness is that each region chooses its own individual advantageous characteristic weight from its own point of view, and then evaluates the competitiveness of higher education in all regions. …

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