Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teaching Methods of Architectural Design Based on Right Brain Development Concept

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teaching Methods of Architectural Design Based on Right Brain Development Concept

Article excerpt

Architectural design is the core curriculum in architecture teaching. Specifically, architectural design refers to the process of designing and feasibility verification of a architectural plan as required by the designer before the building is constructed. This shows that the design of the architectural plan is the basis of architectural design, so the plan must not only meet basic needs but also be beautiful, creative, and imaginative. From the perspective of current architecture teaching, most of students are able to grasp the basic methods of plan feasibility analysis, but clearly, they're lack of imagination and creativity in architectural design, which leads to serious homogenization of plan design. Therefore, it's of great practical significance to improve the creativity and imagination of architectural design through the use of teaching methods.

Modern brain science research has found that human's right and left brains have a very detailed and precise division of labour. Specifically, the left brain is the centre of abstract thinking, focusing on functions such as language, numbers, concepts, and judgments etc.; the right brain is the hub of image thinking, focusing on the physical image, spatial position, and music image etc. (Motz et al, 2012). From the functions and focuses of the left and right brains, it's not difficult to see that the creativity and imagination of architectural design should be improved mainly through the development of the functions of the right brain. The right brain is mainly engaged in image thinking, so the cultivation of image thinking has become the main way to develop the right brain (Florian & Martin, 2014). Under the practical background and theoretical logic mentioned above, this study attempts to introduce image thinking training into architectural teaching, and then explore whether it can improve the quality of architectural teaching through the development of right-brain function and improve the imagination and creativity of architectural design. This shall provide the theoretical and methodological guidance for the architectural teaching practice.

Right brain function and image thinking

The human brain is divided into the left and right hemispheres (brains), which are connected by the corpus callosum. From the physiologically anatomical results, there is no significant difference between the left and right hemispheres. However, through human behaviour experiments, scientists have determined the different functional orientations of the left and right hemispheres. The left and right hemispheres of the human brain, as two different types of systems, are a unified whole and work together (Mills, 1991). As mentioned in Chapter 1, the left hemisphere is the centre of abstract thinking, while the right hemisphere is the hub of image thinking (Motz et al, 2012). The specific division of labour between the right and left hemispheres is shown in Fig. 1.

Image thinking and right brain function development

Research shows that the role of right brain function development is mainly reflected in the following three aspects: 1) Develop innovative capability; 2) Maintain the coordinated development of the left and right brains; 3) Overcome difficulty in learning and thinking (Dan et al, 2011; Taroyan, 2015; Brysbaert, 2004). Right brain development has many advantages mentioned above, but it only started in recent years when the right brain development was internationally recognized as the focus of education and teaching (Zhang, 2009). In the 1990s, European and American countries took the lead in the development of right-brain into elementary school education. In the middle school education and university education, they also carried out the trials. In China, currently the concept of focusing on the right brain development is still at an exploratory stage in the education system.

From the current academic research and the experience of right-brain development in European and American schools, image thinking training is the most effective form of developing the right brain (Barrett et al. …

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