Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Design of Traditional Music Teaching in Colleges and Universities from the Perspective of Multiculturalism*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Design of Traditional Music Teaching in Colleges and Universities from the Perspective of Multiculturalism*

Article excerpt

Traditional music is an important part of China's cultural treasure house. Along with the development of Chinese civilization and historical accumulation, it has been an important carrier of Chinese cultural traditions, human customs, ideological system, and value concept. Due to its high artistic value, historical value, and humanistic value, traditional music plays a vital role in the construction of music teaching system in colleges of China. However, as the times develop continuously, the multicultural education system, which is different from traditional culture, has exerted a subtle influence on people's daily life and learning. Research shows that (Wang, 2018; Chen, 2016), during the teaching process of college music, in order to improve the effectiveness of its teaching, teachers should introduce a multicultural education model, which can cultivate the cultural quality of college students. In view of the influence of multiculturalism on college music teaching mode, the introduction of multiculturalism is not only conducive to improving the students' enthusiasm for music professional knowledge under different cultural backgrounds, but also helps to establish a more diversified musical culture concept (Zhuang, 2016). For the development of diversified teaching models, there also exist the differences between Chinese and Western cultures. Relevant literatures indicate that (Zhang, 2017; Huang, 2018) in the process of music teaching, college music teachers should encourage students to fully understand the characteristics and connotations of Chinese and Western music cultures from the perspective of multiculturalism and avoid blind identity.

Based on this, this paper starts from the development history of traditional music in colleges in China. Then, it summarizes the current situation and problems of traditional music in college teaching system through the field investigation/survey in colleges, and also analyses the necessity of multicultural education mode in traditional music teaching. Finally, the realistic path of traditional music teaching design in colleges was obtained.

The current situation of traditional music curriculum design in college teaching system

Development of traditional music in college music education system

China's higher education of music originated in the beginning of the last century. In 1922, the China Education Improving Institute proposed to put more emphasis on the lyrics of folk songs, thus proclaiming the birth of traditional music in the music education system of colleges in China. However, during this period, because the early higher education of music showed a more obvious tendency of valuing the Western over China, traditional music education hadn't achieved great results at this stage.

Along with the continuous development of the times, especially after the founding of the People's Republic of China, the state has continuously increased its emphasis on and commitment to higher education of music, thus, Chinese college music education, including traditional music education, enter a new stage of development. At this stage, the research direction is mainly focused on the music nationalization and the relationship between Chinese and Western music.

In the 21st century, the Internet age has brought about more open access to resources, and the influence of Western literary works has been intensified continuously. Under the impact of more diversified music culture system, our traditional music is showing an increasingly weak state. In this context, more and more experts and scholars have called for the importance and return of the mother-tongue music represented by traditional music, and through various ways reconstructing the acceptance and love of traditional music by the people. Therefore, it's an important and effective channel to put more emphasis on Chinese traditional music education in college music majors for promoting traditional Chinese music and building the foundation of traditional music culture. …

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