Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Practice and Reform Measures of Erhu Teaching in Changshu Institute of Technology*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Practice and Reform Measures of Erhu Teaching in Changshu Institute of Technology*

Article excerpt

Erhu, a traditional bowed stringed instrument, has been under the spotlight with the development of Chinese traditional culture (Roehl, Reddy & Shannon, 2013). Especially, as the increasing of communication between Chinese music culture and world culture in recent years (Mok, 2014), erhu is popular with music lovers due to its unique performance form. However, the erhu teaching as an art major in colleges and universities is lagging behind (Flumerfelt & Green,2013). The reason is that the erhu teaching, as a practical course, lacks extensiveness and diversity in terms of its learning forms and student numbers compared with other art courses (Pavlou, 2010). Changshu Institute of Technology has been exploring the direction of erhu teaching reform for many years. With the deepening of modern teaching modes, the erhu teaching is combined with the Internet, providing more diverse and convenient ways for students to gain teaching resources and broaden horizons. It has achieved results to a certain extent. But the erhu teaching still has some problems to be solved due to its particularity (Kowalchuk, 2010). Thus, Changshu Institute of Technology carries out a reform and method research from the teaching practice according to the basic teaching combined with the Internet resources.

The Internet teaching, as a modern teaching carrier, has an optimized and penetrative effect in the everchanging teaching reform (Mclaughlin et al., 2014). Spurred by the Internet, the erhu teaching in colleges and universities is facing both challenges and opportunities. The application of the Internet in teaching is a new innovation and method on the basis of understanding, digestion, and absorption. The flipped classroom (Herreid & Schiller, 2013) is used in the erhu teaching. Teachers and students have gradually realized the teaching advantages of the advanced Internet technology. Many famous piano teaching websites (Mallinder & Flint, 2010) make the piano teaching develop into a new stage. In order to promote the erhu teaching reform, Changshu Institute of Technology has made a series of attempts. This paper mainly discusses the existing teaching modes and future development directions to provide theoretical basis for further promoting the practice and reform measures of erhu teaching in colleges and universities.

Research on Practical Cognition of Erhu Teaching

The purpose of erhu teaching is to cultivate advanced application-oriented talents with abilities of artistic performances, directing, wind music teaching and art criticism (Enfield, 2013). As an art curriculum, the erhu teaching focuses on both skill training and the usage of modern teaching auxiliary facilities, in order to widen students' horizons and gain clear cognitions (Schweder, 2010). Based on the erhu teaching in Changshu Institute of Technology, this paper conducts a questionnaire that covers Changshu Institute of Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu Normal University, Yancheng Normal University and other five universities. According to the analysis of effective 150 questionnaires, the key words are the Internet teaching, lectures, students' playing skills and the way of read music through the SPSS statistical software. Table 1 shows the erhu teaching methods, Table 2 the exploration of teaching modes, and Table 3 the existing problems in students' learning process.

"Three-dimensional" Flipped Classroom and the Internet Teaching

"Three-dimensional" Collaborative Internet Teaching Establishment

The questionnaire shows most of erhu teaching in colleges and universities still is given priority to the collective teaching. This paper introduces the "three-dimensional" flipped teaching concept, that is basic theories, the Internet information teaching and mutual evaluation. Each of them is introduced into the flipped concept. Teachers and students exchange their identities, and players and audiences exchange their roles. The erhu teaching should possess an open and shared education concept. …

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