Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Mechanism of Deepening the Cooperation between Schools and Enterprises in Higher Vocational Education*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Mechanism of Deepening the Cooperation between Schools and Enterprises in Higher Vocational Education*

Article excerpt

From the perspective of the nature of behavior, the cooperation between higher vocational schools and enterprises is the combination of production and education. According to the philosophy of education, the educational process and the productive labor process are two independent social processes in the external form, which are closely linked by technology in the internal form. It is an objective and inevitable social state in which human society develops into modern society under the background of large industrial technology demand, and it does not shift according to any human will. Therefore, school-enterprise cooperation is a combination of technology. Any subjective, man-made decision-making and forced implementation that deviate from its objective basis will inevitably lead to negative effects. At present, the national serial education plan has created a good social environment and policy environment for the sustainable development of higher vocational education. Due to the deep-rooted social concept of "prefer culture to technique, and a good scholar makes an official", the social effect of brand vocational education has not yet been formed. Due to the unclear operational mechanism of the connotation deepening of the cooperation between schools and enterprises, the technology and talents of schools and enterprises are not connected; temporal, narrow and shallow cooperation between schools and enterprises is a prevalence existence, which highlights many negative phenomena such as "fragmentation, apparent, short-term, and fireplace phenomena" (Wang & Wang, 2014), and has caused many problems such as the curriculum system of higher vocational education is too simple, and it is not suitable for the training of inter-disciplinary talents; the teaching resources asynchronism and the industrial technology updating is not synchronized; the homogenization of talent cultivation is not consistent with the requirement of individualized teaching (Yang et al, 2013). Based on the synergy and system theory, through the construction of the school-enterprise cooperative synergetic system model and the analysis of the system synergistic factors, the operational mechanism of the higher vocational school-enterprise cooperation deepening is clarified, and under the concept of full value chain, the school-enterprise cooperation system maximizes the synergistic effect of "1+1>2".

The "construction of technical school" of higher vocational school-enterprise cooperation

Modern higher vocational education requires to found technical schools. The technical talents cultivated by higher vocational education should be seamlessly connected with the needs of social technical posts. To cultivate inter-disciplinary and innovative talents for the industrial transformation and upgrading and post technical innovation in the new era, the cultivation of professional skills, innovative ability and method ability of vocational students is inseparable from technology (Zhang & Wang, 2017). Modern higher vocational education requires teachers to have high-level abilities in producing, teaching, learning and researching, so the professional development of teachers is inseparable from technology. The technical connotation of higher vocational colleges is to build the building blocks of modern professional culture, to achieve school-enterprise collaborative innovation and social public services. In addition to the basic mission of cultivating technical talents, modern higher vocational education also undertakes social public service tasks such as helping enterprises to transform, professional qualifications, enterprise employee training, innovation and entrepreneurship guidance, all of which are centered around technology. Higher vocational education is mainly based on production and application technology and it's close to the real production line. Production and application technology originates from enterprises and enterprises always stand at the forefront of the application technology. …

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