Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teaching Innovation Methods for Literature Majors Based on Higher Education Informatization*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teaching Innovation Methods for Literature Majors Based on Higher Education Informatization*

Article excerpt

With the advent of the information age, the way of knowledge storage and dissemination has undergone earth-shaking changes. In contrast, the traditional teaching methods of literature majors are outdated and in urgent need of transformation. Although many researchers are paying attention to the innovation of teaching methods in the information age, how to effectively combine the means of information with the teaching of literature majors is still an unsolved problem (Ramesh, Tan & Sidhu, 2002; Albors-Garrigos, Segarra-Oña & Ramos-Carrasco, 2011).

With the rise of the informatization boom by the end of last century, people began to pay attention to applying information technology to support the improvement of higher education level, and they have conducted a lot of useful attempts in this regard (Ingraham, 1995). Some researchers focus on how multimedia can improve teaching efficiency and the stimulating impact on students' multiple senses (Marsh, Hau, Chung & Siu, 1996). Some researchers pay attention to flexible online education modes such as distance education, and have made positive contributions to the popularization and lifelong education of higher education (Macfadden, 2005). Some researchers concern about the establishment of evaluation models for learning effects of college students, which lays a solid foundation for future generations to do research in this area (Mizikaci, 2006). However, the research of the predecessors is far from taking the information technology to the proper level. In addition, the previous research also lacks targeted research on the innovation of informatization teaching in literature majors.

Targeting on the shortcomings of previous studies, this paper takes the literature majors of colleges and universities as the research object, and proposes a series of teaching innovation methods based on informatization. At the same time, by analyzing the learning effect of college students of different grades, it studies the real influence of the proposed new teaching methods on the teaching effect. The research results of this paper can not only be used to directly guide the reform of curriculum design and teaching methods of literature majors in colleges and universities, but also can be used as an important reference for the transformation of informatization teaching methods in other disciplines.

The first part of this paper is the introduction. The second part analyzes the current situation of the teaching of literature majors. The third part lists the information technologies that can be used at the present stage of higher education. The fourth part proposes a series of teaching innovation methods for literature majors based on higher education informatization, and verifies the effectiveness of the innovation methods by empirical research. The fifth part is the conclusion.

Analysis of the current situation of literature major teaching

Currently, the teaching of literature majors still mainly adopts the teacher-centered radiation teaching mode. Teachers are the main body of teaching activities and they master the initiative of teaching, while students have less freedom in teaching activities and are in a passive position. In the radiation teaching mode, the teacher's knowledge reserve directly limits the teaching effect, and the students' single knowledge acquisition mode is not conducive to the improvement of their professional literacy (Deterding, 2012). In the surveys of teachers and student groups, both parties are willing to introduce information technologies into the teaching process, so as to reduce teaching costs, achieve independent learning, improve teaching efficiency, and enhance teaching effectiveness (Hawkins, 2015). However, due to the special limitation of the discipline itself and the restriction of teachers' professional background knowledge, the progress of introducing information technologies into literature major teaching is very slow. In addition, with the help of information technology, for the issue of how to effectively carry out teaching activities and improve teaching effects in literature teaching, there are still technical and institutional barriers to be conquered (Fulbright, 2011). …

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