Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teaching Model of College English Grammar in Intensive Reading Course

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Teaching Model of College English Grammar in Intensive Reading Course

Article excerpt

Grammar is one of the most fundamental elements for construction of any human language in the world. It means that Grammar is a necessary framework in a language system. It is widely accepted that vocabulary is a basic building unit to form a sentence and grammar functions as a leader to direct the vocabulary into the corresponding slot in an orderly sentence. It has been commented that language cannot be studied without grammar (Halliday, 1985). Therefore, grammar is a backbone to express proper meaning. English is becoming an international language and recorded data shows that almost 30-million Chinese people are learning English as foreign language. Grammar is a prerequisite for learning English, which has been studied for a long time.

According to Wikipedia, grammar is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language. The term refers also to the study of such rules, and this field includes phonology, morphology, and syntax. In this aspect grammar is concerned with the static rules controlling what it is right and what it is wrong in the construction of words, phrases and clauses. For instance, the rules for past tense of the verbs, the past tense are mostly marked as the form of -ed in the end of the verb, but here are also some exceptions, such as the verb go, the past tense is went, which is categorized as irregular forms of verbs. If you write the sentence "He goed to Beijing by airplane yesterday", you are told in a wrong expression. According to the past tense rule, you have to change the sentence as "He went to Beijing by airplane yesterday". This example illustrates that traditional English grammar emphasized the static rules in a language system. But English learners are increasing rapidly in the whole world, thus more English variants occur in the English learning materials. English grammar tends to focus on the different variants in contextual usage, which indicates English grammar not only discusses the formal rules in written language, but also analyzes the function and meaning of irregular expressions in the spoken and written materials. In terms of contextual usage, grammar can be used to describe the rules that govern the linguistic behavior of a group of speakers. The term "English grammar" may have several meanings. It may refer to the whole of English grammar, that is, the grammars of all the speakers of the language, in which case, the term encompasses a great deal of variation. Or it may refer to the rules of a particular, relatively well-defined variety of English (such as standard English for a particular region). For example, the expression "He wanted to cry" will be right in standard American written English, but this expression can be converted into spoken Black English "He wanna cry", which is still accepted in common usage. In this aspect English grammar cannot be recognized only as static rules to tell the English learners what it is right or what it is wrong, but also can be extended to include descriptive rules from spoken language usage. In other words, the grammatical function and meaning will be noticed and analyzed in different contexts although the grammatical form seems to deviate from the standard rules.

However, the most recent studies in English grammar still focus on the theoretical aspect and general tendency. For example, the tendency of English grammar research in recent 12 years has been reviewed. The research finds that 44% grammar research choose non-English major students as subjects, and 19% of them are English major students (Liu & Li, 2010). A lot of other scholars suggest that English grammar teaching is supposed to be done in the English courses such as college intensive English reading and English writing course. But they do not give a specific description about how much these English courses are related with grammar learning and how English grammar teaching will be achieved in intensive English reading course. …

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