Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Unique Value of Public Art Education in Colleges and Universities from the Perspective of Cultural Confidence*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Unique Value of Public Art Education in Colleges and Universities from the Perspective of Cultural Confidence*

Article excerpt

Cultural self-confidence is a kind of firm confidence to the nation and its own culture advocated by the Party and the government since the 18th National Congress of China. In many aspect, cultural self-confidence determines that the implementation of the socialist road and the socialist core value, and has great spiritual motivation for the great renewal of the Chinese nation (Abudogga, Mara, Carle & Weech-Maldonado, 2018). The cultivation of cultural self-confidence is the duty and responsibilities of higher education, and the close relationship between culture and art makes the value of public art education in colleges and universities stand out from the perspective of cultural self-confidence (Zhang, 2018).

Public art education in China is widely studied in higher education, among which the main research aspect is the research on the analysis and countermeasure for the development problem and bottlenecks of public art education in colleges and universities. Scholars have proposed the integration of regional culture and art education to improve the interest of college students, and designed public art education courses to improve the teaching effect (Feng, 2017). However, in the perspective of cultural self-confidence, the research on the value of public art education is still blank.

In order to reveal the relationship between cultural self-confidence and public art education, we should explore the support provided by public art education for cultural self-confidence. This paper first analyzes the current situation of higher art education in China, summarizes the unique value of public art education for the cultivation of traditional cultural views and values of teenagers, and finally summarizes the positive effect of public art education on cultural self-confidence.

Development of Public Art Education in Colleges and Universities in China

Definition of public art education

In a broad sense, public art education is a public course related to art in colleges and universities, and only a kind of activities of aesthetic and artistic cultivation education carried out among college students, that's, a general term of emotional education to students through teaching art knowledge by teachers with music, photography, dance, painting, calligraphy, sculpture, literature, drama, film, performance art and other artistic means. Public art education is a comprehensive education which integrates entertainment, appreciation and basic knowledge.

The initial purpose of public art education in colleges and universities is to cultivate students' sentiment, optimize their knowledge structure, shape their correct cultural values and promote their diversified development. But under the new form of socialist values, public art education in colleges and universities has been given more responsibilities (Lachapelle, 2010).

Current situation of the development of public art education in colleges and universities in China

Offering of public art courses in colleges and universities Public art courses in colleges and universities in China are mainly optional courses and compulsory courses only in art colleges and universities. Statistics are made on the offering of music, photography, dance, painting, calligraphy, sculpture, literature, drama and movies in 100 colleges and universities across the country. The percentage of all kinds of art courses are shown in Figure 1.

As shown in Figure 1, in addition to the common public art courses such as music, movies and photography, other forms of art education courses are not popular in colleges and universities.

Problems in public art curriculum in colleges and universities the following six problems are found from the investigation and analysis in public education in Colleges and universities:

(1) Don't get enough attention at the management level

The mode of examination-oriented education makes ordinary colleges and universities in China treat art education differently from other subjects. …

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