Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Practical Recommendations for Improving the Training of Police Officers

Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Practical Recommendations for Improving the Training of Police Officers

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

The relevance of the study is determined by the development of civil society and the rule of law, characterized not only by the recognition of individual freedom and the value of each individual, by fair and impartial legislation, but also by the duty of policemen to counteract criminality, to protect life, health, rights and freedoms of citizens; to ensure public safety, including legitimate use of combat methods of struggle (Bond, 2014; Quinet, Nunn & Kincaid, 2003). The main function of the modern police is to provide public order and security while respecting the rule of law and human rights (Karp & Stenmark, 2011). This causes the increasing demands of society for the quality of police education (Cao, Huang & Sun, 2016). In the Federal law "On Police' in force in the Russian Federation, it is noted that a police officer has the right to use physical force, including basic combat methods of struggle, to prevent crimes, detain persons who committed them, and defend themselves. However, only in case if not the power methods do not ensure the fulfilment of the duties assigned to the police. The same law emphasizes the personal responsibility of policemen for respecting the rights and freedoms of a person and citizen, the realization of the right of everyone to freedom and personal inviolability. Police officers also have a duty to undergo special training to carry out activities related to the use of physical force (Federal Law "On Police' of 07.02.2011, articles 5, 14, 18, 20). The provisions of the current federal law "On Police' stipulated the inclusion of training material on law enforcement and self-defence without the use of weapons in the content of physical training of police officers. Physical training is interconnected with operational, tactical-special, fire training. Together they are aimed at the formation of professionally-specialized competences of police officers. The inclusion of training material on the enforcement of law and order and selfdefence in educational programs provides for the formation of several professionally-specialized competences.

Content of professional-specialized competences, three components can be distinguished: knowledge, activity and development. Each of these components is associated with combat methods of struggle. It was found out that as components of cadets combat training combat tactics are characterized by: dynamism and manifested in the fact that the fight does not last very long; urgency, providing for the possibility of knockout (a blow after which the opponent cannot continue the fight), as well as a painful hold, ensuring the early victory (Contemporary Fighting Arts, 2017). Characteristics of fighting methods of combat (dynamism and urgency) have led to special requirements for learning the training material: the training should not be aimed at demonstrating the combat technique on an unresisting partner, but on the formation of strong skills and their real application in typical situations of suppression of various offenses, including struggle of hand-to-hand type (Police Self-Defence Training, 2017). Thus, in Russia, according to the current national legislation, the training of police officers in the rules and procedures for the use of force provides combat techniques learning. The purpose of the article is to develop practical recommendations for improving the training of police officers in fighting combat techniques.

METHOD

The main principles of the study were clarity and personalization. The principle of visibility provides for deliberate contemplation of combat methods of struggle with the aim of their reflection in the process of physical preparation, the formation of motor representations, and also the interrelation of words, illustrations, demonstrations, unity of concrete and abstract. The motor representation, as an image of the impending motor action, serves as an indicative basis for combat technique and ensures the success of training (Levitsky et al. …

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