Academic journal article Journal of Entrepreneurship Education

Development of an Assessment Instrument of Affective Domain for Entrepreneurship in Senior High School

Academic journal article Journal of Entrepreneurship Education

Development of an Assessment Instrument of Affective Domain for Entrepreneurship in Senior High School

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

Indonesia is the country with the fourth largest population after China, India and the United States as many as 251,543,400 inhabitants. The richness of nature and the diversity of tribes and cultures became a vital asset owned by Indonesia.

Natural wealth owned by Indonesia has not been able to free Indonesia from economic problems. For example, the issue of poverty that reached 10.7%. In addition to poverty, Indonesia is also faced with unfinished unemployment problems. The growing number of people while the number of available employment is limited makes the unemployment rate in Indonesia is still high.

The government continues to push the unemployment rate. One way is to instill and float the soul and entrepreneurship interest in the community. The high percentage of entrepreneurs in a country can be a reference for economic development. Developed countries have a far greater number of entrepreneurs than developing countries and emerging countries (Vivarelli, 2012; Hendro, 2011). Entrepreneurs in Indonesia are currently only 1.5% of the total population. Indonesia still needs 1.7 million entrepreneurs to reach two percent. While in ASEAN countries recorded Singapore has 7% entrepreneurship, Malaysia as much as 5%, Thailand 4.5% and Vietnam has 3.3% of entrepreneurs of the total population.

The underdevelopment of entrepreneurs in Indonesia is caused by certain attitudes, mindsets, or judgments in society (Astamoen, 2008). Unlike what happened in developed countries like America. They have a great desire to open their business opportunities. The desire to succeed and accumulate wealth from the company he founded. In another aspect, the courage to entrepreneurship is also encouraged by school teachers and schools that provide entrepreneurial subjects. The learning materials are packed as attractive as possible to cultivate the interest of entrepreneurship students. This happened to MIT alumni, Harvard University and other colleges (Alma, 2011).

The growth of interest in entrepreneurship also needs to be instilled early in the child. One of the most effective places to foster entrepreneurship interest is through education. According to researcher, entrepreneurship education will be able to generate a large national impact if this entrepreneurship education can generate four million new entrepreneurs over the next 25 years (Of & Japanese, 2012).

Schools as educational institutions are expected to be able to form independent young entrepreneurs. According to Bandura in the social learning theory provides an understanding of predictions, and changes in human behavior through interactions between humans, behavior, and the environment (Bandura, 1971; Bandura & R.H. Walters, 1963). The school environment is important to be designed by presenting real problems and future challenges that students will face. Entrepreneurial learning can be carried out contextually with the problem-based learning, discovery, or project-based learning method so that students can form knowledge, understanding, and alternative entrepreneurial practices.

The affective domain in entrepreneurship learning is fundamental to be developed and evaluated with dimensions including attitudes and values in a person. In Theory Reasoned Action, a person's intention towards behavior is formed by two main factors, namely certain behavioral attitudes and subjective norms. Attitude is an evaluation or evaluation of a positive or negative person against some beliefs about a particular object (Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975). Theory of Planned Behavior, an extension of the theory, reasoned action adds perceived behavioral control which is the perception of ease or difficulty in fulfilling behavioral interests (Ajzen, 1991). The importance of attitudes and measurements is developed by Azwar that attitude is a phenomenon that arises in addition to being determined by the state of the object being faced also determined by experience. …

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