Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Analysis of Motor Activity of Professional Football Team Players in the Ukrainian First League

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Analysis of Motor Activity of Professional Football Team Players in the Ukrainian First League

Article excerpt

Introduction.

Relevance of the research

Modern football is a game that requires high motor activity of players and a high intensity of muscular work of a dynamic nature. Modern football is characterized by uneven physical exertion, arrhythmic alternation of work and rest. (GodickM. A., 2006; GakameR. Z., 1995; BangsboJ.,1994).

Motor activity of the players during the game covers a large number of motor acts that differ in structure and degree of complexity, which manifest themselves in various variants. The nature of the action with the ball during the match is determined primarily by the playing role of a football player. The number of certain actions that characterize the activity of a football player is also influenced by a number of other factors: weather conditions, the state of the field, the pace of the game, the balance of strength and capabilities of the players of opposing teams, the degree of preparedness of each athlete (Bangsbo J., LindquistF., 1992; Golomazov S., Shinkarenko I., 1994; Lebedev S., Abdula A., Bezyasichny B., Karpets L., Shpanko T., Efremenko A. 2018).

Analysis of the latest publications.

To date, a significant amount of research has been done to study the motor activity of football players in a competitive activity, which resulted in data on the nature and scope of players' actions with and without the ball. Hence, the control of competitive activity is carried out in two main directions: the registration of physical activity and the registration of individual-command indicators of technical and tactical skill (Lebedev S., Abdula A., Bezyasichny B., Karpets L., Shpanko T., Efremenko A., 2018). Thus, the volume of movement, according to some experts (Ohashi J., Togari H., Isokava M., and Suzuki S., 1988; Ordzhonikidze Z.G. Pavlov V.I., 2008), is a very important indicator on the basis of which a running load should be planned in training. In other words, when planning a training load, it is necessary to take into account the sum of the segments that the player runs at a high and maximum speed for himself. Studies of many scientific groups (Withers R., Maricic T., Wasilewski Z. And Kelly L., 1982; Gakame R. Z., 1995) of the physical activity of football players of various qualifications showed that between teams of different levels there are significant differences only in movement indicators with maximum intensity. Movement indicators with other speeds, less high, differ slightly. At the same time, it has been established that professional players run more distance per game than non-professionals (Mayhew S.R. and Wenger H.A.,1985). Thus, the relevance of the research topic is determined by the significant importance of information about the amount of physical activity of football players, both individual players and the team as a whole, to improve the quality of educational and training work.. Purpose of the study was: determine the amount of motor activity of football team players in the Ukrainian First League.

Material & methods.

Participants. - Objective: The study was conducted among football team players in the Ukrainian First League in the 2017-2018 season. It was attended by 44 professional football team players in the Ukrainian First League.

Procedure. -The volume of motor activity was determined using the statistical program InStatFootball during the first and second round of the Ukrainian Championship among the teams of the Ukrainian First League of the 2017-2018 season.

Statistical data processing. Methods of mathematical statistics are used in accordance with known recommendations with the use of computer programs "EXCEL" and "SPSS" (Antomonov M. Yu., 2006, Togobitskaya G. N., Shamardin G. N., Dolbysheva N. G., 2009).

Results

Important are the physical qualities necessary for the effective execution of game actions by players of different game roles. Thus, central defenders overcome distances during the game: at a slow pace - 6381 m (79,6%), at an average pace - 1232 m (15,4%), and at a high pace - 406 m (5,0%). …

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