Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Impact of Helping Attitude Exercises on Building Helping Attitude among Adolescent Students

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Impact of Helping Attitude Exercises on Building Helping Attitude among Adolescent Students

Article excerpt

Helping Attitude is a willingness and concern for the welfare of others. It refers to voluntary actions intended to help others, may be in lieu of money or some returns or purely selfless help. In simple words, it is caring about the welfare of other people and acting to help them. Altruistic behavior can be motivated by personal egotism or it can be prompted by "pure" empathetic desire to benefit another person, irrespective of personal gain (Batson, 1991; Batson, Ahmed, & Lishner, 2009). With the positive attitudes like helping attitude a person enjoys 'helping' others and also can reduce many different negative emotions of their day by day life. Thus, it seems that helping behaviours could be considered as beneficial for the person who helps because it is likely that the person who helps another person will experience the joys ofhelping others.

Helping attitude is the quality of individual which benefits the giver as well as the receiver. It is the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others not putting themselves first but being willing to give their time or money or effort, etc. for the benefits of others. Such helps can enhance the positive thought and positive self-esteem. On the other hand, people's helping attitude involves expectation or exchange of material goods as well as social goods like service, love, information status (Baron & Byrne, 1999).

The study of Helping Attitude has its root in the works of early Social psychologists. Research conducted over the last few years has shown that the positive emotions and attitudes like optimism, helping attitude, love, and hope have tremendous impact on well-being but the study of positive attitude and emotions have a very short past. Because most of the time the study of negative aspects like schizophrenia, truancy, alcoholism, etc. have been getting more importance.

Factors affecting helping attitude

Helping is the function of either relatively selfish or relatively unselfish motives (Baron & Byrne, 1999). For centuries, it was assumed that all human behavior, including the helping of others, is egoistically motivated. The term Egoism refers to the selfish motive to pursue some sort of personal gain or benefits through targeted behavior such as helping others. But all the times, under some circumstances, the egoism motives account for the helping. On the other hand, empathy is an emotional response that refers to feelings of compassion, sympathy, tenderness and the like or to perceive plight of another person without any selfish motives. For the empathy people help those in need simply because it feels good to do so. The investigators now turns to the four major theories that attempt to explain pro-social motivation.

Empathy altruism hypothesis: The empathy altruism hypothesis states that feelings of empathy for another person produce on altruistic motivation to increase that person's welfare. In the empathy altruism hypothesis the term Empathy refers to compassionate feelings which is generally perceived to be a cause of leading to helping behavior. Since for the arousal of empathy person provides help simply because victim needs help and because it feels good to provide help. One view of empathy is that it involves the ability to match another persons' emotion. Altruism refers to a motivational state in which the goal increases another persons' welfare as an end in itself. Hence, this motivation to help can be sufficiently strong that the individual who provides help is willing to engage in unpleasant, dangerous and even life-threatening activity (Baron & Byrne, 1999). On this underlying assumption, Batson and his colleagues (2009) proposed the empathy altruism hypothesis. This theory predicts that those feeling high level of empathy for a person in need will be more likely to help than will those feeling less empathy.

Negative state relief model: this theory suggests that when a person is experiences negative affect he helps, sometimes because he wants to make himself feel better. …

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