Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Differentiated Correction of Attention Abilities of Students with Chronic Diseases during Physical Education

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Differentiated Correction of Attention Abilities of Students with Chronic Diseases during Physical Education

Article excerpt

Introduction

The dominant task of the transition to a new educational paradigm is to take care of the health of participants in the educational space. Thus, the quality of modern higher education is identified with the thorough preparation of able-bodied professionals, demonstrated by their good health and a high level of performance capacity (Anikieiev, 2015). Given that the state of students' health is one of the pressing problems of modern pedagogy, the issue of its preservation is relevant. This leads to a significant effort that is put into finding the best solutions.

The issue of improving health of young people cannot be considered outside the PE context, which takes the proper place in pedagogical theory and practice. In essence, as a function of general pedagogy, this is a technology of health care at higher school (Koryahin, et al., 2018). Unfortunately, the number of university students with chronic diseases is steadily increasing. This is a significant evidence of the deterioration of health among the intellectual potential of the country due to the inadequate state social policy. In the context of pedagogical support of such students, the search for the ways to increase their PE efficiency is particularly urgent. Historically, the effective PE of young people has been one of the priorities among the pedagogical problems (Anikieiev, 2015). Furthermore, this determines the need to address the problem of pedagogical control, which is explained by its theoretical and practical significance in ensuring the effectiveness of PE process.

Largely, this is due to the fact that control is characterized by several functions, in particular, educational and stimulating (Adyrkhaiev, 2014). Control in physical education performs these functions only in case of its compliance with the requirements that are systematic, differentiated and individual in nature (Koryagin & Blavt, 2013). In this case, the control provides the regulation of pedagogical actions in the PE course, which is the basis of the effectiveness of this process. Therefore, issues related to the periodic study of the complex of different characteristics of students with chronic diseases during PE classes during their studies at the universities become relevant. This applies to the students' psychological and physiological functions as indicators of their health conditions (Adyrkhaiev, 2014).

The appropriate organization of psychological and physiological functions determines the quality of intellectual activity (Korobeinikov, 2002). The main factor that provides for the effectiveness of perception and processing of information is attention abilities. The development of attention abilities is considered from the position of the regulatory function (Andreassi, 2009), in terms of successful learning, ensuring its efficiency and further professional activity. The development of attention abilities of students is important throughout the educational process at higher school (Overton, et al., 2016). Performing psychological and pedagogical research in the field of physical education is essential today because the improvement and preservation of the health of participants in the educational space is a complex interdisciplinary scientific problem. Today, a systematic approach to study attention abilities, which involves the use of the techniques from related sciences, becomes increasingly widespread (Korobeinikov, 2002). An example of such an interdisciplinary integration can be the study of the attention abilities characteristics in the context of physical education because physical activity implies the general activation of brain. However, currently, practically no control is carried out on the development of attention abilities of students with certain chronic diseases during PE classes. There is no data related to these studies at the universities. Simultaneously, the data from psychological and pedagogical literature (Adyrkhaiev, 2014; Anikieiev, 2015; Overton, et al. …

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