Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Formation of Sports Specialization as the "Group Exercises" during the Working with Young Athletes in the Rhythmic Gymnastics

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Formation of Sports Specialization as the "Group Exercises" during the Working with Young Athletes in the Rhythmic Gymnastics

Article excerpt

Introduction

Group exercises in the rhythmic gymnastics by the nature of the motor activity is the most difficult independent Olympic kind of competition program. Its current development is characterized by a continuous change in the international rules of the competition (E. Balabanova, 2006; O. Khudolii, 2012), constant improvement of the competitive compositions due to increasing complexity, increasing the difficult level of the performed stunts (Т. Nesterova, I. Syvash 2011). Each motor task in the group exercise is decided collectively by the team (L. Karpenko, 2003; A. Kwitniewska 2009). The duration of group exercises is twice as large as individual ones, and the elements are much more complicated by the basic of the motor activity (I. Nochevna, 1990). The complexity of the structure of motor actions requires from the gymnasts to accurately reproduce spatially and force parameters of movements, the speed of reaction to a moving subject, attention and quick thinking (О. Khudoliy, 2012). To achieve a high competitive result, teams need to demonstrate an impeccable technique of motor interactions associated with rollovers, rolls, transfers of the objects to each other, coordinated synchronous or asynchronous work, the ability to perform exercises with a single amplitude, in one tempo and rhythm (Е. Balabanova, 2005; Т. Nesterova, 20011; A. Kwitniewska, 2009; М. Shyshkovs'ka, 2011; В. Sosina, 2013; O. Zhyrnov, V. Bohuslavska, I. Hruzevych, 2017).

Sport results in group exercises of rhythmic gymnastics during the last three Olympic cycles (2004-2012) testify to the need of developing a highly effective system of multi-year sports preparation in the group exercises (I. Nochevna, 1990; Nesterova, I. Syvash 2011), whereas in the established systems of training gymnasiums in the different countries as a rule the processes of formation of their specialization in group exercises are not reflected. It does not exist in the sport school programs and curricula, which in turn results in non-compliance with the requirements of this Olympic type of competition and the preparation of gymnasts participating in group exercises in the process of long-term improvement. Despite this, group exercises occupy 50% of the entire competition program, and competition for teams of young gymnasiums in Ukraine involves participation in them, starting from the second youth category in this kind of sport (age 9-10 years).

Bringing the fact, that in Ukrainian gymnastics the preparation of athletes in group exercises is carried out immediately before competitions; their purposeful orientation in the multi-year process is not traced, which is confirmed by the results of the performances on the world stage and the rating of the team of Ukraine in group exercises (FIG, 2010-2012), the development of a well-grounded approach to the formation of the specialization of "group exercises" in the process of multi-year improvement and the system of selection, orientation and preparation of gymnasts is an actual scientific problem.

Purpose of the research

The research is devoted to the substantiation of the approach to the formation of the specialization gymnasts in the "group exercises" in the stages of initial and preliminary basic sports preparation with the further development of technology selection, orientation, and training of athletes in group exercises.

Materials & Methods

Participants

There were 46 trainers and judges of rhythmic gymnastics of different qualifications in the researches' respondents and experts.

Procedure/Measure/Instruments

The following research methods were used for solving the tasks and obtaining objective data, there are the analysis of scientific and methodological and special literature, official documents, questionnaires, analysis of video recordings, the method of expert evaluation (according to the Delfian method).

In the process of substantiation of the approach to the formation of the specialization of gymnasts in the "group exercises", there were analyzed the modern sources of the scientific literature and methodical materials on the research problem; expert estimation method, practical experience in training gymnasts in group exercises and their orientation were studied. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.