Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Gender Analysis of Improved Farm Practices Adopted by Pineapple Farming Households in Edo State, Nigeria

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Gender Analysis of Improved Farm Practices Adopted by Pineapple Farming Households in Edo State, Nigeria

Article excerpt

Introduction

Pineapple is an important food crop which can be eaten fresh or in a processed form Pineapple are easy to cultivate and can be regarded as farmer friendly crop. Pineapple mainly contains antioxidants mainly namely: flavourinods, vitamins A and C. The antioxidants reduce the oxidative damage in the body such as caused by free radicals and chelating metal. Despite increase in the quantity of pineapple production annually, a large portion of all fresh produce is lost worldwide after harvest (Omoregbee, Abiola and Akogba, 2019).There is the need to increase output through the adoption of improved farm practices. It was estimated that a total of 20%-40% of all crops in developing countries is lost after harvest, which may be due to decay, mechanical damage, physiological damage, pathological damage etc. these losses do not only occur in developing countries but also in developed countries. Important producing countries are Thailand, Brazil, India, China, Philippines, Nigeria, Mexico Australia and Colombia. These countries produce the fruit primarily for fresh fruit market and processing industries. Nigeria ranked 7th on the list for world pineapple production as well as leading producer in Africa with a production 1,400, 000 metric tons per annual of fresh pineapple and having the highest land area of about 180,000 hectares (ha) for pineapple production in the world and yield of 7,778 tons per/ha. Until recently, about 80% of pineapple produced in Nigeria came from small scale farms managed under mixed cropping system (Adedeji et al 2017). Recent access to international market, enhance value of fresh fruit, resuscitation of pineapple cultivation and local processing have encouraged the development of few large scales where pineapple.

Statement of the Problem

Despite Nigeria's position and potential of pineapple production in the world and the enormous economic advantage the country has over the crop, Nigeria has the lowest production of about 7 tons/ha when compared with other nine top producers in the world thereby contributing a small share (5%) of the world pineapple production. Thus, reflecting a low yield/ha in pineapple in the country (Tochi, et al, 2008 Frankema and Hillbom (2014) .Despite the important role pineapples play in the economy as a fruit for consumption and income generation its production is faced by a number of challenges and it was noted that innovations are often adopted slowly by farmers and several aspects of adoption remain poorly understood, this could be due to lack of awareness and understanding on how and when improved technologies are to be used. In Nigeria for instance institutions which deliver extension services were considered as important for the distribution of improved technologies. Apart from these efforts of extension service delivery to farmers, the sustainability of pineapple production improved technologies by smallholder farmers in Esan west local government is largely unknown. Samson (2007) argues that there is need for the application of appropriate technologies in post harvesting, marketing and sustenance of improved technologies of pineapple for good realization of pineapple production. Although technologies play an important role in increasing productivity of the crops (Esiobu, Nwosu, and Onubuogu, (2014), the sustainability of these technologies is not known. Are farmers not aware of improved practices in pineapple production? Or why are farmers not adopting improved practices in the production? The study seeks to provide answers to the following research question. The study addressed the following research question: What are the socio-economic characteristics of pineapple farmers in the study area? Do farmers in the study area adopt improved technologies in pineapple production? What is the ratio of males to females in adoption of these technologies? What are the factors associated with the adoption of improved farm practices in the study area? What are the constraints limiting the adoption of improved technologies in the study area? …

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