Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Library Automation

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Library Automation

Article excerpt

Introduction:

Library is Heart of any academic institution. Also it's soul of any learning and analysis establishment, that is pivot of teaching-learning method. Now in these day's we've got simply entered in new millennium or new technological era. The ICT build a lot of changes in each field conjointly in Library data Services. In recent decades we've got witnessed the institution of automation industries and library data networks and services round the world through use of ICT. The use of knowledge Technology tools facilitates an enormous flow of knowledge to finish user via information services.

ICT makes many changes within the space of library data services like book acquisition, cataloguing Serial -control, Web-OPAC, CAS and SDI etc. And change the normal library into the e-library or data Centre. Library data Officers area unit save budget, the time workforce in routine jobs and able to offer effective library data services with none geographical limitation.

What is Automation:

The term automation is introduced used first D.S. Harder in 1936. He outlined it as, "the automation is handling of components between progressive production processes. Since then the term has been applied to a large form of automatic machinery and automatic systems. And is action for human efforts of intelligence.

Definition of Automation:

1.According to Encyclopedia Britannica, "The name given to an automatic system of working. The distinction between automation and mechanization is especially one among degree" "The technique of creating equipment or a system that operates automatically". In general automation is the automatic, as opposed to human, operation or control of a process, equipment or a system; or the techniques and equipment's used to achieve this. In libraries automation refers to the method of automatic in-house functions like circulation, cataloguing, Acquisitions, Serials Controls etc.

2. According to Webster's Third New International Dictionary of English Languages, automation is, "the techniques of making an apparatus, a process or a system operate automatically". In different words, it is the machinery that mathematically manipulates information storing, selects, presents and records input data or internally generated data. Mechanization of library house- keeping operations preponderantly by computers is understood as library automation. (Gove, 1986).

3.According to the Oxford English Dictionary It defines automation as "application of automatic control to any branch of industry or science by extension, the use of electronic or mechanical devices to replace human labour". (Simpson & Weiner, 1989).

Library Automation:

The Phenomena of mechanization of ancient library activities, like acquisition, serial management, cataloguing, circulation management etc., was referred to as library automation."Library automation refers to the use of computers, associated peripheral media like magnetic tapes, disks, optical media etc. and utilization of computer-based product and services within the performance of all style of library functions and operation. Computers square measure capable of introducing a good degree of automation operational, operate since they're electronic, programmable and square measure management over the processes being performed". Library automation is the general term for Information communication technologies that are used to replace a manual system in the library.

Needs of Library Automation:

Libraries are the lighthouses for information. The thirst of information is increasing on a daily basis of varied levels and on various subjects. There is an excellent demand to produce such data quickly on demand that AN economical and correct devices or tools are introduced, that relies on mechanized method. Today library automation is that the want of the hour Use of knowledge technology in libraries has become inevitable in AN era of knowledge explosion and also the rising of a wide range of latest technologies so as to satisfy ever-changing complicated data wants of users. …

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