Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

A Bibliometric Study and Visualization of Library Philosophy and Practice during 1998-2018

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

A Bibliometric Study and Visualization of Library Philosophy and Practice during 1998-2018

Article excerpt

Introduction

Bibliometrics is one of the most common tools to assess scientific activity (LopezMunoz et al, 2003). Bibliometrics is a research method (Laengle et al., 2017) and the most prominent quantitative approach of library and information science (LIS) (S. Pareek, 2013). The term "bibliometrics" as an interdisciplinary research field (Glanzel, 2003) was first coined by Alan Pritchard in 1969 (Senel & Demir, 2018). As suggested by Pritchard, the term "bibliometrics" has been defined several times. The first and most ingenuous definition is related to Pritchard (1969). According to Pritchard (1969), "bibliometrics is the application of mathematical and statistical methods for books and other communication media." In 1977, Pritchard defined "bibliometrics as the application of various statistical analyses to study patterns of authorship, publication, and literature use." (Glazel, 2003). Following the development of bibliometrics, its indicators have been extensively used to analyze and assess a diverse range of scientific journals. Today, with advancement of different types of bibliometric software, scholars can use visualization techniques to assess journals in addition to conventional analyses such as identification of the best papers, authors, institutions, and countries. The term "Visualization" was first used in one of the publications of National Science Foundation in the USA. Visualization helps users analyze and examine a great deal of data, have a macro look at the data, and interpret them more easily (Buckley, 1997). Visualization represents a broad part of structures, which some of them are well-defined and some are tagged as newthought (Chen, 2013). Generally, it can be said that visualization consists of some practices used to optimally develop information and display methods. In this way, given high capacity of information provided by images, efforts have been made to increase the ability of understanding and learning through data visualization. There are numerous journals in the subjectarea of LIS. One of the most active journals of this field is Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP). This is a peer-reviewed electronic journal published by the University Libraries of the University of Nebraska in the US. LPP publishes LIS papers (LPP, 2018).Since 1998, this journal has been indexed in Scopus and several scholars worldwide have published their papers in LPP. Due to the assessment of Scopus Journal Metrics (2018), LPP contains H index 14, 0.33 CiteScore, 0.240 SJR, and 0.554 SNIP. LPP is considered as an old international journal by a large part of LIS society. This bibliometrics study will suggest a general perspective of the journal operations in 1998-2018. The data can be a plot helping LIS authors and researchers around the world and also journal officials continue the journey.

Literature Review

A historical review of bibliometrics indicated that the first bibliometric study was conducted by Cole and Eales (1917). In their study, they developed a statistical analysis of the literature in Science Progresses journal in 1543-1860. They also analyzed the comparative anatomy of publications by simply counting the number of titles of books and journal articles. In the second study, Hulm (1923) examined entries and authors of "English International Catalog of Scientific Literature". In fact, the term "Statistical Bibliography" was first coined by Hulm. In 1927, the third study of bibliometrics and first citation analysis were conducted by Gross & Gross in an article in the Journal of American Chemical Society. Eventually, Pritchard (1969) replaced the obscure term of "Statistical Bibliography" with "Bibliometrics". Following the popularity of bibliometrics, numerous journals in the various fields have been reviewed using bibliometric techniques; the journals include The Indian Forester (Hazarika et al., 2003), Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research (Jena, 2006), Annals of Library and Information Studies (Verma et al. …

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