Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Bibliometric Analysis of Library Philosophy and Practice: A Study Based on Scopus Database

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Bibliometric Analysis of Library Philosophy and Practice: A Study Based on Scopus Database

Article excerpt


Bibliometrics is a research method used in library and information science. It is a quantitative study of various aspects of literature on a topic and is used to identify the pattern of publication, authorship, and secondary journal coverage to gain insight into the dynamics of growth of knowledge in the areas under consideration. This can lead to better organization of information resources, which is essential for effective and efficient use. Bibliometrics has attained sophistication and complexity with a national, international, and interdisciplinary character. Bibliometrics is the analysis of the structure of literature using various tools, counting, rank-frequency distributions, and citation analysis; and although the structure of literature is basic to all disciplines, it is particularly important in the area of information retrieval.

Alan Pritchard, who first used the word "bibliometrics," described it as the "application of mathematics and statistical methods to books and other media of communication." This was paraphrased by Robert A. Fairthorne as "quantitative treatment of the properties of recorded discourse and behaviour appertaining to it." In a later article, "Bibliometrics and Information Transfer," Pritchard explained bibliometrics as the "metrology' of the information transfer process and its purpose is analysis and control of the process." He based his interpretation upon the fact that measurement is "the common theme through definitions and purposes of bibliometrics" and "the things that we are measuring when we carry out a bibliometric study are the process variables in the information transfer process." The British Standard Glossary of Documentation of Terms explained bibliometrics as the study of the use of documents and patterns of publication in which mathematical and statistical methods have been applied, which is basically the same as Pritchard's original definition.

In 1948, the great library scientist, S.R. Ranganathan, coined the term "librametry", which historically appeared first and was intended to streamline the services of librarianship. Bibliometrics is analogous to Ranganathan's librametrics, the Russian concept scientometrics, infometrics, and subdisciplines like econometrics, psychometrics, sociometrics, biometrics, technometrics, chemometrics, and climetrics, where mathematics and statistics are applied to study and solve problems in their respective fields. Scientometrics is now used for the application of quantitative methods to the history of science and overlaps with bibliometrics to a considerable extent.

Citation analysis denotes the statistical analysis or mathematical analysis of references or citations appended at the end of each article. Much useful information for location and identification of existing and emerging knowledge of a discipline comes to the limelight through analysis of both cited and citing papers. It can be used for identifying the core journals and the characteristic features of a discipline such as authorship pattern, bibliographical form, subject type, etc.

Review of Literature

Yeoh and Kaur (2008) analyses the publication output of Research in Higher Education for subject support in collection development in the light of growing interest in diversified domains of research in higher education. Consequently, analysis of 40 issues of publications revealed a diversified usage pattern of bibliographic reference sources by contributing researchers, with a cumulative total of citations being 8,374. A positive trend in research collaboration of contributing authors, and a steady growth in the use of reference sources, periodicals and web documents in the citations signify the trend of scholarly communication of research works in the electronic age. Similar to other disciplines of research findings, journals and books were the most cited source materials for researchers thrash out.

Crawley-low, Jill. (2006) has used bibliometric technique to analyze the citation patterns of researches published in the American Journal of Veterinary Research(AJVR). …

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