Academic journal article Academy of Strategic Management Journal

Evaluation of the Aceh Provincial Government Performance on the Quality of Life of Acehnese: Through a Strategy Quality Approach

Academic journal article Academy of Strategic Management Journal

Evaluation of the Aceh Provincial Government Performance on the Quality of Life of Acehnese: Through a Strategy Quality Approach

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

The concept of measuring quality of life was first developed by Maslow (1962) which we know as the concept of self-actualization. In essence, Maslow has set a theory of quality of life on this concept. Maslow's quality of life is characterized by the fulfillment of needs, which consists of happiness, health and the ability to develop. Furthermore, Maslow explained that to fulfill the life needs, individual should know who she/he is. Then the theory of quality of life continues to be developed. Ventegodt et al. (2003) explain that the theory of quality of life continues to develop. In the early stages, the quality of life is measured by physiological needs, the need for peace, the need for compassion and the need for recognition. Then continuing to develop in the second stage by the addition of the fulfillment of need for knowledge and freedom of expression. Furthermore, in the third stage, the quality of life is met by the needs of self-actualization and transcendence needs.

Research on quality of life continues to develop: Bhatti et al. (2017); Hacker (2010); Suwarni et al. (2018); Estoque et al. (2018); Sulistyo & Cahyono (2015) show that the community quality of life is reflected in the welfare in terms of the fulfillment of consumptive needs such as health, education and social and the fulfillment of the need for empowering productive businesses.

LITERATURE REVIEW

The community's quality of life is the main target of the performance of government organizations which is driven by the quality of the strategy. The quality of life of community in public sector depends on the role of governance. Roles in the administration of government will boost the government performance better, to an integrated way of planning, implementing programs and evaluating programs aimed at improving the commnunity quality-of-life. The research conducted by Latif et al. (2018) shows that government policies greatly affect the community quality-of-life. Government policies will influence people's quality of life if they have good planning. Good planning should be in accordance with the needs of the community and integrated both in implementation and evaluation. The phenomenon that arises towards the administration of the government in improving the community quality-of-life is the change in policy along with the change of regional head. This is in line with the results of Latif's research, Omar et al. (2018) explaining that the situation factor greatly influences policy, that governance policies will reflect the performance of local government organizations. In fact, the nature of community quality-of-life is economic prosperity, mental well-being and social welfare.

Quality of life is the fulfillment of needs with a measure of social welfare and life satisfaction of people in a region, which consists of individuals as life perpetrators and all aspects that cover one's life. The Indicators of quality of life include welfare, happiness, security and life satisfaction, while a good aimed at the outcome. The difference is in the process and output. Based on this explanation, we can conclude that quality of life is a process of fulfilling life's needs in the form of basic needs including welfare and psychological needs including knowledge and happiness.

Moons et al. (2006) state that a person's quality of life is categorized into six: 1). Normal life, 2). Social usefulness, 3). Defining happiness, 4). Life satisfaction, 5). Goals, 6). Increasing capacity naturally. While, Kumalasari et al. (2018) divide it into objective and subjective quality of life. Objective quality of life is measured by six dimensions, namely, house, living standards, income, health, job, and social environment, whereas subjective quality of life is measured by three dimensions, physical, economic and psychological. Suwarni et al. (2018) add that quality of life is observed by physical, psychological, social relations and social environment. …

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