Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Influence of Modern Fitness Technologies on the State of Health and Development of Motor Abilities of 17-19-Year-Old Female Students

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Influence of Modern Fitness Technologies on the State of Health and Development of Motor Abilities of 17-19-Year-Old Female Students

Article excerpt

Introduction.

The current level of requirements for the process of students' physical education in the system of higher education requires, on the one hand, the use of health-improving learning technologies, and, on the other hand, improvement of motor abilities and functional capabilities of student youth (Kovalchuk, 2012).

The main task of physical education in higher educational institutions is to form youth health culture, to understand it as the highest value of a person and to instill a habit of conscious motor activity in order to maintain the necessary physical shape throughout life (Zhigareva, 2016). The process of improving the methods of physical education stimulates the search for new, more rational and interesting forms of motor activity for young people, introduction of non-traditional means of organizing physical education lessons based on the developed experimental educational programs (Mazurchuk, Navrotskyi, 2011).

Studying the problem of the impact of the current physical education system on the health of young people in Ukrainian higher school, researchers emphasize its inability to solve the problem of inactive lifestyle of students, which is directly reflected in their state of health and development of motor abilities (Vostotska, Golovchenko, Osipova, 2014). Researches conducted on the organization of the physical education process, methods of conducting lessons and determining the of students' physical preparedness level confirm the negative changes in the indicators of development of motor abilities and of the state of physical health and motor activity of young people (Vlahii, Yachniuk, 2015, Pylypei, 2013; Ivashchenko, Yermakova, Cieslicka, Muszkieta, 2015). The study of the dynamics of students' physical development during the period of study at a higher educational institution shows that the growth of motor abilities is slowing down starting from the first year of study (Kryvobok, 2009; Romanova, 2010).

Part of the solution to this problem is to change priorities in meaningful and qualitative specialists' training in the sphere of physical culture and sports (Mozolev, Halus, Bloshchynskyi, Kovalchuk 2019) who are able to apply modern methods of conducting physical education lessons that contribute to the formation of a stable motivation of students for active physical exercises and lifestyle. Such methods include: modern fitness technologies (Yarmak, Halan, Huckman, Dotsyuk, Olexandra, Teslytskyi, 2017), the use of pilates (Myrgorod, 2016; Ilnytska, Kozina, Kabatska, Kostiukevych, Goncharenko, Bazilyuk, & Al-Rawashdeh, 2016), shaping (Shevtsov, 2008; Linetz, 2002), stretching training (Biletska, 2012; Wengerova, 2009).

The hypothesis of the study was the assumption that the use of modern fitness technologies of general physical orientation with the use of pilates, shaping and stretching (which is a training component of each lesson, lasting for 15-20 minutes) will contribute to increasing the level of physical health and development of motor abilities of female students aged 17-19.

Purpose and objectives. The purpose of the article is to investigate the influence of the methods of using general-physical fitness technologies including pilates, shaping and stretching techniques on the level of physical health and development of motor abilities (skills) of 17-19-year-old female students of Khmelnytskyi humanitarian-pedagogical academy (aged 17-19; 1st and 2nd years of study).

Objectives of the study: to assess the level of physical health of female students at each stage of the pedagogical experiment; to check the level of development of motor abilities of female students using a system of tests; to analyze the impact of the elaborated methodology on the level of physical health and development of motor abilities of female students.

Materials and methods

The participants of the experiment: 84 female students aged 17-19 of Khmelnytskyi humanitarianpedagogical academy, who were divided into the control and experimental groups according to the level of physical health. …

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