Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Psychotechnology of Volleyball Team Efficiency Formation

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Psychotechnology of Volleyball Team Efficiency Formation

Article excerpt

Introduction

At the present stage of sports development, there is an intense increase of athletic skill, which is primarily due to constantly increasing competition of players at the world level (Bogush, 2015). In addition, due to current trends in the development of team sports games, taking into account the factors of globalization in sport of higher achievements, there is a need to develop a unified psychotechnology for formation of team efficiency in sports games. After all, success of a sports team during the competition depends not only on the level of technical and tactical training of athletes and players, but also on how productively players interact with each other, their compatible team activity.

Modern volleyball is characterized by a conflict, variational nature of competitive activity, which proceeds in the conditions of an acute time and space limit and imposes certain requirements both onindividual skills of players and on their group interaction (Glazyrin, 2013). The psychological incompatibility of players is proved by team uncertainty; making decisions by players that deny each other; misunderstandings between players; negative psychological climate in a team(Kleschev, 2002). This always affects effectiveness of a team, especially in the process of competition, when the situation is non-standard and stressful. In studies on psychology of modem sports (Cretti, 2000), the problems of psychological climate of the sports team (Lozhkin, Vorobyov, Brynzak, 2007), psychological aspects of cohesion of the sports teams (Teslitsky, 2009) it was revealed that one of the defining aspects of effective sports activity is the degree of group compatibility of athletes. Physiological (functional) and social and psychologicalcompatibilities can be distinguished (Kostukevich, 2014).

Physiological or functional compatibility is determined by the level of sports and technical training of the team, and the social and psychological one by needs, interests and personal qualities of athletes. If interoperability affects only the process of training or competition, the social and psychological one influences all relationships between athletes, including training and competitive activities, and eventually, the team's performance. The psychological compatibility of athletes also determines the psychological climate of the team(Kenanie, 2003). The nature of the relationship has a significant impact on the performance of individual athletes and the entire team, but this impact should be examined from the standpoint of competition and cooperation in sport. In some sports (fencing, wrestling, boxing) there is no direct cooperation between team members, in others (football, hockey, volleyball) this factor is expressed as much as possible. The factor of competition can be expressed both in these and thosekinds of sports in connection with struggle for a place in a main warehouse, for the right to take part in competitions. The influence of interpersonal relationships on the effectiveness of the team should be considered in the light of these phenomena.Any psychotechnology is determined by two levels - theoretical and practical. At the theoretical level, psychotechnology includes a variety of apprehensions, concepts, models of the essence, structure, factors of individual'spsyche development, social group; the driving forces of their development, goals, tasks and methods, stages of psychological regulation. In practicethey are represented by a system of skills and management skills, regulation of the psyche. So, psychotechnology is a system of principles and models that describes the psychic reality, human essence or social group as a developing integrity.This system is focused on practical work with individual psyche or group psychology and includes specific methods, techniques, skills and abilities for the purposeful transformation of personality and group (Malkin, Rogaleva, 2013). Professional use of psychotechnologies in the process of training, sports training, can dramatically increase speed and efficiency of the training process, dramatically improve the performance of sports activities (Darvish, 2015). …

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