Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Research in Dentistry at Saudi Arabia: Analysis of Citation Impact

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Research in Dentistry at Saudi Arabia: Analysis of Citation Impact

Article excerpt

Introduction

Saudi Arabia has been significantly progressing in the field of higher education, remarkably contributing to research & development, and creation of knowledge, particularly during the last decade. The Saudi government is striving hard and doing concert efforts to the provision of adequate funds to the education sector and establishing new academic setups (Pavan, 2016). The Time Higher Education (2019) released the world university ranking 2019 which includes more than 1,250 universities belonging to 86 countries. United States stands on the top with 172 universities, followed by Japan and United Kingdom by 102 and 98 universities respectively. Six universities of Saudi Arabia are included in this ranking as shown in Table-1. King Abdulaziz University reaches in the world ranking of 201-250 and first in Saudi Arabia, followed by Alfaisal University and King Saud University. There were five universities of Saudi Arabia in 2018 ranking; King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences reached the first time in this ranking.

Education, research and development have been prioritized by the Saudi government and ambitious goals have been set to attain an international standard in higher education through the Kingdom's Vision 2030 declared in April 2016 (Saudi Arabia, 2016).

"In the year 2030, we aim to have at least five Saudi universities among the top 200 universities in international rankings. We shall help our students achieve results above international averages in global education indicators."

The reserve of knowledge has been improving extensively by creative, innovative and systemic research. Publication of research findings is an integral part of the knowledge creation process. The performance of authors, institutions, journals, branch of knowledge, nation, country and specific region can be judged by research publications (Haq, Elahi & Dina, 2019). The evaluation of research has become very significant in research policy, management and funding. The quantitative aspect of research deals with the number of research productivity while the qualitative feature deals with citation analysis (Herther 2009; Ellegaard, & Wallin 2015). WoS, Scopus and Google Scholar databases provide various citation indexes to analyze the scientific activity. These databases have gain popularity in the academic arena and the scientific community (Adriaanse, & Rensleigh, 2013). Citation analysis is the now recognized procedures to evaluate the qualitative aspects of the research publication domain. The citation impact calculates the number of citations received in scholarly publications. It represents the total number of citations to articles divided by the number of articles (Moed, 2010).

Citation impact = ^citations /^papers

It indicators of quality and characteristic of excellence of scholarly publication is citation counting of publications (Garfield, 1955). It means, that how many times, the research dataset has been cited by the other scholars in their publications. The citations are evidence of fair sharing and exchange of scholarly work. The exchange of communication attributes to build a knowledge-based society and meaningfully subsidize the positive input to the existing body of knowledge (Davis, 2011).

The concept of citation indexing and counting its impact on knowledge was originated by Dr. Eugene Garfield in 1955. He established a firm in 1960 at Philadelphia, United States for the provision of journal content services, later this firm renamed as Institute of Scientific Information (ISI). The first volume of Science Citation Index was published in 1964, in the following year 1965, first journal impact factor was generated, and Journal Citation Report was launched in 1975. ISI launched a Web of Science (WoS) database in 1997, now maintained by Clarivate Analytics. Web of Science provides accessibly to distinguished research literature precisely arranged metadata with citation impact (Masic, 2017). …

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