Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Research Health-Keeping Technologies in the System of Physical Education of Students from Special Medical Groups

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Research Health-Keeping Technologies in the System of Physical Education of Students from Special Medical Groups

Article excerpt


Today, Ukraine is experiencing not only a deep economic, political and social crisis, but faced with demographic processes that threaten the existence of the Ukrainian nation in particular. In Ukraine continues to catastrophic decline in population. As of June 1, 2014, Ukraine's population is 42 million 995 thousand 500 persons.

Results of student clinic show that in 2013/2014 academic year for students of special medical groups of first, second and third-year National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine found that the health of students every year more and more worse. Thus, if the health of a number of first-year students to special medical group students clinic was placed at the beginning of 2006/2007 school year 10,0 %, it is already the beginning of 2013/2014 - 13,5 %. Progressive disease therapeutic pathology of 13,6 % to 24,5 %; cardiovascular disease from 3,9 % to 10,7 %; gynecological diseases from 7,4 % to 20,3 %; central nervous system from 2.3% to 6.1%. Not isolated cases among students and cancer.

Our research during the 2013/2014 and studies R.T. Raevskogo with colleagues (2007) demonstrated that the total number of student life priorities among the vast majority of them give priority to health. In addition, the practical implementation of their daily lives this concept do not all.

Analysis of health student youth Ukraine shows that almost 90% of them are variations in health status, 50% - poor physical fitness (the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, more than 60%). Only in recent years almost 40% increase in the number of students, referred to as special medical care group (Amosov, 2002; Kidd, 1987).

Somatic health and level of physical fitness of students of special medical groups is becoming increasingly public, scientific and practical significance.

Essential to assess the viability of the organism are not so much morbidity as a general biological, morbidity description of his condition, which is not based on the classification of the disease and the very concept of disease. This assessment is given by human biological age (Maughan, 1999; Muravov et al., 1997, 1998; Starosta, 2004).

Modern approaches in higher education for the conservation and promotion of health student youth are not sufficiently reflected in the educational process, which is largely due to the fragmented perceptions of healthkeeping of teaching staff as part of educational activities.

Despite the fact that a number of authors involved in this problem (Belsky, & Smirnova, 2010; Borisov, & Philip, 2009; Vardanyan, 2007; Vasenyn, 2012; Vishnevskyy, 2002; Hryban, 2011; Dubohay & Tsos, 2012; Efimova, 2003; etc.) Many theoretical and practical aspects are not covered, and mostly contradictory.

Scientists of the USA, Austria, Germany, France, England, Japan, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and other countries of the world, carried out the problem of studying biological age for a long time. However, these studies are usually conducted among the people of the II period of Mature and elderly, usually patients, using different methods.

A number of authors have suggested various indicators for assessing the functional age of a person. Some indicators (systolic blood pressure) lead different authors, whereas other tests (tilt of torso) were used only in separate proceedings.

All available indicators inherent ease of identification and ability to quantify mark. The results of these studies had showed that the psychomotor tests are far from perfect O. Muravov, M. Alexandrova, Y. Bukov, M. Bulich, M. Kobza, & A. Taha (1997).

The Department of gerontology of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus were proposed to determine the biological age to use the indicators of the circulatory system, which make a significant contribution to the evaluation of BA integral animals. With this purpose were used the relative mass of the heart (CPA) and hydroxyproline in the myocardium (PSO). …

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