Academic journal article International Management Review

Quality of Work Life and Dynamics of Work -Related Wellbeing: An Exploratory Study of Textile Employees

Academic journal article International Management Review

Quality of Work Life and Dynamics of Work -Related Wellbeing: An Exploratory Study of Textile Employees

Article excerpt

Introduction

There exist numerous definitions of work-related wellbeing in various disciplines, such as psychology, sociology, anthropology, and management. However, so far there is no single definition in this domain (Danna & Griffin, 1999; Cooper, 2008). The term work-related wellbeing is also known by various names, such as wellbeing at work. In this present study, work-related wellbeing and wellbeing at work have been used interchangeably. Work-related wellbeing is more than the absence of disease and is characterized by job satisfaction, engagement, occupational stress, work-life balance benefits, quality of work-life, and happiness at work. It keeps employees motivated, committed, engaged, and satisfied with their job. According to Waddell and Burton (2006), work-related wellbeing can be explained as "the subjective state of being healthy, happy, contended, comfortable, and satisfied with one's life " (Schulte & Vainio, 2010). Work-related wellbeing influences the quality of work life; therefore, it could be seen as a feature of productivity at various levels, such as individual, enterprise, and societal. It encompasses physical, psychological, social, and emotional wellbeing at work. However, quality of work life has been identified as one of the components of work-related wellbeing (Valarmathi & Bhalakarishnan, 2013; Shankar, 2014; Payal, 2016).

Operational Definition

"QWL is the degree to which the working organization contributes to material and psychological well-being of its members" (Harrison (1985) "Work related wellbeing means safe, healthy and productive work in a well-led organization by competent workers and work communities who see their jobs as meaningful and rewarding, and see work as a factor that supports their life management" ("European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (2013)."

Quality of Work life as Component of Wellbeing at Work

The quality of work life plays a predominant role in achieving a competitive advantage over other organizations. It is used as strategic tool to attract competent manpower in organization. Arrawatia and Rajshree (2017) explained quality of work life as "the level of satisfaction, motivation, involvement, career growth opportunities, and commitment; which results in higher productivity and profitability of organization." In 1975, Davis and Cherns discussed the emergence of the concept of quality of work life in an International Labor Relations Conference at Ardens House in Columbia University, New York (Vijay & Sekar, 2013). The quality of work life has been defined as a construct affecting the wellbeing of the employees at a workplace (Vijay & Sekar, 2013). The concept of quality of work life has been interpreted differently by various researchers. Some of the researchers have argued that it is linked with mental health and wellbeing (Danna & Griffin, 1999; Worrall & Cooper, 2006), employee performance and productivity (Horst at el., 2014) and organizational citizenship behavior (Nair, 2013).

The concept of quality of work life got recognition in the late 1960's, influencing the health and over-all wellbeing of employees. In the 1970's, employers focused on improving work design and prevailing work conditions in the workplace. Moreover, in 1980's, the construct of quality of work life encompassed other factors influencing job satisfaction and productivity of employees (Cummings & Worley, 2005). The quality of work life is a very important aspect, as it determines the satisfaction level of employees towards the work environment, relationship with colleagues, job security, promotional opportunities, pay packages, engagement, and commitment level of employees. When the quality of work life is good, employees will be content and more productive in the workplace, which, in turn, happens to be blessed with good overall wellbeing at work.

There are various determinants influencing the quality of work life; they include an adequate compensation package (Walton, 1975; Seyed et al. …

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