Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Study of Factors Influencing Adoption of Educational Technology in Teaching-Learning Process in Agricultural Universities in India

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Study of Factors Influencing Adoption of Educational Technology in Teaching-Learning Process in Agricultural Universities in India

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Education plays a vital role in eliminating gender inequality, reducing poverty, creating a sustainable planet, preventing needless deaths and illness and in fostering peace (Duncan, 2013). In the modem era, technology plays pivotal role in the quality and access of education. Many initiatives like Open Education Resources (OER) started by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) during 2002 and the term Open Educational Resources, or OER, was coined at a forum held at UNESCO exactly a decade ago (Farrow, 2016); Spurt in social media like Facebook, it was launched in 2004 (Brügger, 2015); concept of knowledge access through the form of videos like YouTube (2005); (Snelson & Perkins, 2009); and latest disruptive technologies like Massive open online courses (Baturay, 2015) have all redefined the very meaning of education. OER includes texts, different forms of media, ideas, as well as documented teaching strategies/techniques or practices. MOOCs, which are usually free of charge, have course assignments and exams besides discussion boards. One of the benefits of MOOCs is the ability to make frequent updates to reflect changes in technology or the thinking on a subject (Kellogg, 2013). Facebook is a social utility that helps people share information and communicate more efficiently with their friends, family and co-workers (Mazman&Usluel, 2010). Facebook is being considered as an educational tool because of its beneficial qualities such as enabling peer feedback, goodness of fit with social context, and interaction tools (Mason, 2006).

While most domains like engineering and medicine have got the benefit of leveraging use of technology in education, the agriculture domain still needs to adopt ET in its education. Educational Technology is a multidisciplinary activity and notion of the educational technology as an applied educational science (Issroff & Scanlon, 2002). In teaching and learning process educational technologies is very important for making effective classroom environment and knowledge development. Integrating technology in the education system may change the way of teaching, interacting with students and change the expectations of teachers for their students. ET also called "Learning Technology", mainly comprise of the use of technology in the process of teaching and learning (Malik & Agarwal, 2012). ET is the designs and environments that engage learners in the classroom learning. Constructivism and Technology both focuse on the creation of learning environments (Gilakjani et al., 2013). ET is the application of theory, technology, and psychology to achieve the goal of education and enhance the learning of individuals. Internet is one of the potential ICT tools, which empowers teachers and students in teaching-learning process. Nowadays internet has wider utility because of the increased dimensions of internet and increased information need in teaching-learning process (Janarthanan & Kumar, 2018).

Thus, there is a need to scientifically investigate the extent of adoption of ET in teaching-learning process with reference to agricultural universities for providing road map to adopt ET in entire agricultural education system in the country. A study was conducted to investigate the extent of ET adoption and factors influencing the same with the following objectives:

* To study the extent of adoption of ET in teaching-learning process.

* To find out the relationship between socio-personal, psychological and communicational characteristics and extent of adoption of educational technology.

Review of literature

Literature says that the majority of the teachers often used interactive lectures, case studies, demonstrations, group seminar, presentation and group assignment. Teachers often organised field visit and study tours and some of the teachers rarely used teaching methods (Ganguli, 2006).

Pandey et al. (2017) stated that the purpose of the Students behind using internet was to collect information regarding recent development in the subject, collecting literatures for research work, and chat with peers. …

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