Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Bibliometric Mapping of Scholar Publishing in Physics: Exploratory Study

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Bibliometric Mapping of Scholar Publishing in Physics: Exploratory Study

Article excerpt

1Introduction

There are many ways how scholars communicate, among those publishing articles is the one most common and in many science fields most respected. Achievements among scholars are defined not only by good work and good results[1] it is also a question of good publication policy.[2] In theory publishing in more cited scientific journal should bring more estimation to the author. Still the question where to publish a paper is not easy. Authors have to choose a perfect journal not only based on their bibliometric indices but also based on scope of the journal, their publishing history and so on. Beside other considerations there is also a question of publication in Open Access journal and a need to avoid predatory publications.

We can agree that in reality the question of good publication politics signifies a complex problem. We can also say that it is a question most pressing because scientific grants and projects are usually directly adjoined to publication of scientific results, total count of publications and sometimes even to quality of journals designated via bibliometric indices.[3] It is therefore important to carefully evaluate publication policy of university, faculty, department or even a scientist[4]. To not only keep records of publications but evolve the publication policy to its best state.

The question where or what to publish lies also on a leader of a team of scholars. To help with publication problem, some of the bibliometric scholars from universities, libraries and elsewhere have prepared tools for scientists to find potential coworkers[5, 6], research trends[7], research preferences[8], matching journals[5] or gaps in the topic that could be covered by future research.[1]

There are customs in various academic fields expressing which of the journals, conferences, workshops or scientific venues are more valuable than others. These customs also inflict publishing behavior of scholars.[9] Usual investigation of scholar publishing by bibliometric studies was done based on country[10], age of a scholar[9], academic institution[11] or based on discipline. Studies covering specific publishing behavior was usually reserved to some journal from the field.[12, 13, 14, 15, 16]

In literature also a way of investigating the publishing behavior differs a lot. Some of the scholars address the problem through methods of social sciences[10], some use bibliometric methods[15], some use more matematical approach[17] and some addressed the problem in data exploratory fashion.[8]

Practice which is normally followed in bibliometric studies begins with hypothesis which helps the researcher to narrow down the scope and follow the chosen method. Although we use previous studies conversely we decided to start in a different way. We chose an exploratory approach because we want to vary the methods of investigation. On the other hand we need to narrow down our scope as well. That is the reason we decided to investigate publishing behavior of relatively small group of scholars from one institute. The benefit of this is a close proximity to the group which helps us to add a lot of context to the study. We can also say which of these analysis are beneficial to the group. In this way we can also reveal some domain specific behavior and at the same time reflect on overall implications.

2Dataset

We are using data of 32 scientists from the field of physics. The number of investigated unique articles is 190. All of the researchers are working for one institute even though they all do not work there for the same time. For the time period of our investigation we chose years from 1991 till 2019. We are using data from Web of Science (WOS) and from arXiv.org, because both of them represent domain specific practice in publishing. For physics only publications listed in Web of Science have any scientific value and at the same time most of the scholars upload their preprints to arXiv.org which represents a good practice. …

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