Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Anthelminthic Program by Means of Ayurveda and Yoga Therapy

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Anthelminthic Program by Means of Ayurveda and Yoga Therapy

Article excerpt

Introduction.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a quarter of the Earth's population (1.4 billion people) is infected with intestinal parasites. In Europe, every third person got helminths or is a carrier of helminths. In Ukraine, 300-400 thousand cases of helminthiasis are registered annually, although, according to some studies, their number reaches 2 million [Lukshina R.G., Bodnya S.P., Moskalenko I.K. etc. (2004), Mao X.Q, Sun D.J., Miyoshi A. et al. (2000)]. Recently, there has been an increase in the incidence of human helminthiasis due to socioeconomic problems in the country and a decrease in the volume of sanitation work; poor sanitation [Zryachkin N.I. (2006)].

The most common helminthoses are enterobiosis and ascariasis. Currently, the proportion of enterobiosis among other helminthiasis reaches 67.1%, and in large industrial cities - more than 95% [Horton J. (2000)]. In Ukraine enterobiosis occurs 3.5-4 times more often than ascariasis, which ranks second in the structure of morbidity. The magnitude of the spread of enterobiosis is due, on the one hand, to the ease of transmission of the invasion, and on the other, to the possibility of completing the entire pathogen in any climatic conditions without the involvement of the intermediate host.

The second most common type of worms in Ukraine is roundworm. About 65 thousand patients are registered annually. Conditions for the spread of ascariasis in cities are absent. However, the proportion of citizens among registered patients with ascariasis is consistently about 2/3, up to 80% of them - children under 14 years [Bodnya E.I.. (2005), Zryachkin N.I. (2006)]. Helminths have a negative effect on the human body. They lead to allergy, development of polyhypovitaminosis, decrease of macro- and microelements, impaired hematopoiesis and vascular permeability, hormonal imbalance. Helminthiasis contribute to the formation of chronic diseases (cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, pancreatitis, colitis, diabetes, bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis), psycho-emotional disorders (chronic fatigue, irritability, anxiety, hyperactivity), anemia etc. Secondary immunodeficiency can develop with prolonged helminth infestation [Helminthiasis in Ukraine: the current state of the problem (2012), Krivopustov S.P., Shcherbinskaya E.N., Loginova I.A. et al. (2011)]. Data from modern scientific literature indicate that there is an objective need to improve the process of prevention of helminthiasis and a modern approach to its application by means of complex methods. This applies in particular to Ayurveda and yoga therapy. The purpose of the work is to theoretically substantiate and develop a comprehensive antihelminth program for people with helminthiasis using Ayurveda and yoga therapy.

Material & methods.

To solve the tasks, the following research methods were used:

- analysis of scientific literature and scientific and methodological sources;

- logical methods of research: analysis, synthesis, generalization, deduction, induction;

- psychological and pedagogical methods - lectures, interviews, questionnaires, surveys and observations;

- anthropometric methods and somatological methods (determining the type of body constitution);

- preparation of a diet with products that have anthelmintic properties.

The following anthropometric studies were performed. The following indicators were determined: body length (cm), body weight (kg), chest circumference at rest (cm). This data was used to calculate the Pinier index:

I = body length - (body weight + chest circumference at rest) [Grinkiv M.Y., Baranetskiy G.G. (2006)]. Determination of the constitution of the body types: Vata, Pitta, Kapha.

The researches were conducted on the basis of the "Medical Center" in Kyiv for a year.

The study was voluntarily attended by 20 women, aged 30 to 40 years. All women, under their own will, underwent medical examination before the study. …

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