Academic journal article Economics & Sociology

Perceived Health Status and Economic Growth in Terms of Gender-Oriented Inequalities in the Oecd Countries

Academic journal article Economics & Sociology

Perceived Health Status and Economic Growth in Terms of Gender-Oriented Inequalities in the Oecd Countries

Article excerpt

Introduction

Health is a value in itself, health of population affects economic performance in terms of productivity, labour supply, human capital and public spending (EC, 2013). Good health of population is an important factor in economic and social development; on the other hand, poor health is associated with a reduction in human potential and other resources (Dryglas & Lubowiecki-Vikuk, 2019). The economic impacts of health can be considered from different perspectives (Verikios et al., 2015; Monterubbianesi et al., 2017; Mihalache, 2019; Rasticova et al., 2019). At the same time, there are clear health inequalities between different groups of population around the world (Olsen & Dahl, 2007; Beckfield et al., 2013; Adler et al., 2016; Pinillos-Franco & Somarriba-Arechavala, 2019). Health inequalities are the result of various determinants of health, which represent personal, social, economic and environmental factors that affect the conditions in which people work and live.

Based on this, it is necessary to focus on health inequalities from the economic point of view. The present study verifies the assumption about the existence of relations between gender-oriented inequalities in perceived health status and economic growth. Regarding the economic dimension, several studies have focused on health inequalities between population groups with different socioeconomic status, but gender inequalities in health have been overlooked.

The structure of the study is as follows: the section with literature review is focused on theoretical background, which points to the current summary of research activities in the examined issue, including the findings of international studies. Based on this research overview, we have formulated the objective of the research as well as we have defined the data and methodological procedures. These were applied into the analytical part, in which descriptive analysis, analysis of differences, regression and correlation analyses were used. In the conclusion part, we summarize the research findings and we compare them with those of other studies. Last but not least, we define the political implications and the possibilities for subsequent research in this area.

1.Literature review

Evaluating the quality and efficiency of health care is very important for health management at all levels (Stefko et al., 2016; Rajiani et al., 2018) and each health management should aim to achieve health improvements. Health improvements can lead to economic benefits in terms of economic prosperity in OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries (Madsen, 2018). Many researchers have agreed that good health plays an important role in supporting economic condition, as evidenced by the findings that health has a positive impact on various aspects of countries' economic life, including income, economic growth or development (Bloom et al., 2004; Weil, 2007; Husain, 2010; French, 2012; Sharma, 2018; Rakauskienė, Volodzkienė, 2017). The health of the population can be described using many health indicators, and the self-rated health status of the population is a commonly used indicator that expresses the perception of people's own health on a scale of "good/very good"; "fair"; "bad/very bad" (Freidoony et al., 2015). The level of perceived health of the population is crucial, poor self-rated health status was associated with an increased risk of mortality and can be determined by lifestyle, sociodemographic, somatometric, but also economic factors (Moreno et al., 2014; Bamia et al., 2017; Moreno et al., 2017; Szybalska et al., 2018). At the same time, this health outcome affects various aspects of economic life. The link between a socio-economic status and selfrated health was examined in several specific dimensions (Andersson and Lundin, 2015; Pinillos-Franco & Kawachi, 2018; Wachtler et al., 2019), and income, education and occupation were identified as the main factors that affect self-rated health (Gueorguieva et al. …

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