Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Literature on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Library and Information Science: An Analysis

Academic journal article Library Philosophy and Practice

Literature on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Library and Information Science: An Analysis

Article excerpt

Introduction

Nowadays, at the worldwide level, online learning has become the most popular and effective medium among the users due to the advent and increasing use of internet technologies, openaccess tools, platforms and environment, mobile devices, lack of time and so on reasons. Online learning is being deemed as an alternative system for educating and learning the users wherein the users can learn their choice- based courses with facilities of anywhere and anytime learning. In the online learning sphere, massive open online courses (moocs) evolved as a miracle online learning pedagogy which facilitates the users to take part of any course with the facilities of anywhere and anytime learning even without the requirement of any age bar, caste bar, geographical constraints and without any prerequisite qualification as well. Dave Cormier from the University of Prince Edward Island and Bryan Alexander form the National Institute of Technology in Liberal Education coined the term "massive open online course (mooc)" (McAuley et al., 2010). A massive open online course can be defined as an online course that builds with a variety of resources, made available publically, for the large numbers of participants, having assessments and accreditation facilities and without any prerequisite qualifications. Since then, massive open online course concept is using in almost all disciplines including in the library and information science domain. Resultant, the library and information science professionals are fascinating much towards massive open online courses (moocs) phenomena and getting involved themselves in diverse ways. The library and information science professionals are not only started to produce the scholarly articles, writing books, book review and conferences in library and information science-related journals published from national and international publishers and agencies at worldwide level but also conducting research on massive open online courses (moocs) and library and information science domain on diverse issues. Thus, through this study, an attempt is made to discover the literature published by the library and information science professionals on the subject in library and information science journals in different formats at a worldwide level.

Literature review

Different studies carried out on the literature on massive open online courses (moocs) and variant aspects of the different disciplines. Liyanagunawardena, et al. (2013) conducted a systematic review of the literature published on massive open online course using five databases like ISI Web of knowledge, Proquest, JSTOR, IEEEXplorer and Scopus and also claimed that this study was a first systematic review study on the massive open online courses. Lambert (2020) systematic reviews the literature published on massive open online courses and student equity and social inclusion during 2014-2018 and this study further pointed out the gaps in the literature and research directions in the future. Rolfe (2015) reviewed the literature on the social-ethical aspects of massive open online courses and emphasized that quality research needs to be conducted on the subject using emerging approaches and pedagogies. Sanchez-Gordon and Luján-Mora (2018) examined systematic literature on the accessibility of massive open online courses to the researchers from 2008 to 2016 using fourstage methods and found that accessibility of massive open online courses will be beneficial to the researchers. Lee et al.(2019) systematically reviewed the literature on self- regulated learning aspects of the massive open online courses and found that self-regulated learning plays a positive role to the users in learning through massive open online courses. Veletsianos and Shepherdson (2016) highlighted the gaps in literature found on massive open online courses in the period of 2013 to 2015 by conducting an empirical and systematic analysis. This study also analysised the literature on massive open online courses through different angles. …

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