Athol Fugard

Athol Fugard (Athol Harold Lanigan Fugard) (ätōl´ fyōō´gard, fōō–), 1932–, South African playwright, actor, and director. In 1965 he became director of the Serpent Players in Port Elizabeth; in 1972 he was a founder of Cape Town's Space Experimental Theatre. One of the first white playwrights to collaborate with black actors and workers, Fugard writes of the frustrations of life in contemporary South Africa and of overcoming the psychological barriers created by apartheid. Some of his works, such as Blood Knot (1960), the first in his family trilogy, were initially banned in South Africa. Widely acclaimed, his plays include Boesman and Lena (1969), Sizwe Bansi Is Dead (1972), A Lesson from Aloes (1978), the semiautobiographical work Master Harold … and the Boys (1982), The Road to Mecca (1985), and Playland (1993). In his first two postapartheid plays, Valley Song (1995) and The Captain's Tiger (1998), Fugard addresses rather personal concerns, but in Sorrows and Rejoicings (2001) he focuses on the complex racial dynamics of South Africa's new era. In Victory (2007), Fugard uses his experience as a burglary victim to dramatize a bleak contemporary South Africa, where theft and violence thrive. Fugard has also written one novel, Tsotsi (1980).

See also his Notebooks 1960–1977 (1983) and Cousins: A Memoir (1998).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Athol Fugard: Selected full-text books and articles

Great World Writers: Twentieth Century By Patrick M. O'Neil Marshall Cavendish, vol.3, 2004
Fugard and the Recent Afrikaans Translations of His Plays: A Subversive Exercise? By Keuris, Marisa Journal of Literary Studies, Vol. 27, No. 4, December 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Athol Fugard's Exits and Entrances: The Playwright, the Actor and the Poet By Keuris, Marisa Journal of Literary Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2, June 2008
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Between Languages: Athol Fugard And/in Afrikaans By Keuris, Marisa Journal of Literary Studies, Vol. 26, No. 3, September 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Embodied Images of Athol Fugard By Weales, Gerald Hollins Critic, Vol. 15, No. 1, February 1978
Realizing Fugard By Hilferty, Susan Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 39, No. 4, Winter 1993
The Artist and the City By Hulbert, Dan American Theatre, Vol. 9, No. 9, January 1993
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