Mario Vargas Llosa

Mario Vargas Llosa (mär´yō vär´gäs yō´sä), 1936–, Peruvian novelist and politician, b. Arequipa. Although his works contain much external realism, emphasizing the ugly and grotesque, he also often explores the minds of his characters, overcoming barriers of time and space. In his fiction, Vargas Llosa paints a portrait of Peruvian society that is both severe and tender, and explores the meeting of Latin American culture and politics. His recurring themes include humanity's desire for freedom and the freedom that is found in art. His novels include The Time of the Hero (1962; tr. 1966), The Green House (1966; tr. 1968), Conversation in the Cathedral (1969; tr. 1975), the comic Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (1977; tr. 1982), the epic The War of the End of the World (1981; tr. 1982), Death in the Andes (1993; tr. 1996), The Notebooks of Don Rigoberto (1997, tr. 1998), The Feast of the Goat (2000, tr. 2001), and The Discreet Hero (2013, tr. 2015). He is also the author of criticism, including The Perpetual Orgy: Flaubert and Madame Bovary (1975; tr. 1986) and Writer's Reality (1991); of essays, such as those in Making Waves (1996) and Notes on the Death of Culture (2011, tr. 2015); and of a newspaper column carried by many Latin American newspapers. A political conservative, Vargas Llosa was an unsuccessful candidate for Peruvian president in 1990. After winning the first round, he lost to Alberto Fujimori. Vargas-Llosa described the vagaries of his campaign in A Fish in the Water: A Memoir (1993, tr. 1994). In 2010 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

See studies by S. Castro-Klaren and R. A. Kerr (both: 1990); collection of critical essays ed. by C. Rossman and A. Friedman (1978).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Mario Vargas Llosa: Selected full-text books and articles

Vargas Llosa among the Postmodernists By M. Keith Booker University Press of Florida, 1994
The Writer in Politics By William H. Gass; Lorin Cuoco Southern Illinois University Press, 1996
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Politics and Literature: The Odd Couple" by Mario Vargas Llosa
Political Suicide in Latin America and Other Essays By James Dunkerley Verso, 1992
Librarian's tip: Chap. 5 "Mario Vargas Llosa: Parables and Deceits"
Demons and Lies: Motivation and Form in Mario Vargas Llosa By Rebasa-Soraluz, Luis; Chaddick, Larisa The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 1997
Reading the Shape of the World: Toward an International Cultural Studies By Henry Schwarz; Richard Dienst Westview Press, 1996
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Mario Vargas Llosa begins on p. 288
Outside, Looking In: Aunt Julia and Vargas Llosa By Dipple, Elizabeth The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 1997
'Captain Pantoja and the Special Service': A Transitional Novel By Kristal, Efrain The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 1997
Peru: The Evolution of a Crisis By James D. Rudolph Praeger, 1992
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Mario Vargas Llosa begins on p. 139
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