Nikos Kazantzakis

Nikos Kazantzakis (nē´kôs kä´zändzä´kēs), 1883?–1957, Greek writer, b. Crete. After obtaining a law degree he studied philosophy under Henri Bergson in Paris and traveled widely in Europe and Asia. Attracted to Communism early in life, he grew disillusioned with revolutionary materialism and rationalism. As the Greek minister of public welfare (1919–27) and minister of state (1945–46) he vainly tried to reconcile the factions of left and right. Intensely poetic and religious, Kazantzakis wrote interpretative works on Bergson and Nietzsche. His most ambitious work, The Odyssey, a Modern Sequel (1938, tr. 1958), a verse tale, begins where Homer's Odyssey ends; the new adventures of Odysseus explore the worldviews of Jesus, Buddha, Lenin, Nietzsche, and others. Zorba the Greek (1946, tr. 1952) reflects enormous exuberance for life, and Christ Recrucified (1938, tr. The Greek Passion, 1953) is a darker tale of good and evil in which a modern man reenacts a Christlike destiny. Other works include The Last Temptation of Christ (1951, tr. 1960) and The Poor Man of God (1953, tr. Saint Francis, 1962). He also translated many classics into modern Greek.

See biography by H. Kazantzakis (1968); studies by P. Prevelakis (1958, tr. 1961) and Peter Bien (1989).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2017, The Columbia University Press.

Nikos Kazantzakis: Selected full-text books and articles

Spain By Nikos Kazantzakis; Amy Mims Simon & Schuster, 1963
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
The Selected Letters of Nikos Kazantzakis By Nikos Kazantzakis; Peter Bien; Peter Bien Princeton University Press, 2012
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Ascent: A Profile of Nikos Kazantzakis By Congdon, Lee The World and I, Vol. 19, No. 3, March 2004
Great World Writers: Twentieth Century By Patrick M. O'Neil Marshall Cavendish, vol.5, 2004
Nikos Kazantzakis, Nietzsche, and the Myth of the Hero By Pourgouris, Marinos International Fiction Review, Vol. 32, No. 1-2, January 2005
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