Alexandre Dumas pere

Dumas, Alexandre ( (Dumas père), 1802–70, French novelist and dramatist)

Alexandre Dumas (älĕksäN´drə dümä´), known as Dumas père (pĕr), 1802–70, French novelist and dramatist. His father, Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, was a general in the Revolution. Dumas delighted many generations of readers with his highly romantic novels immortalizing the adventures of the Three Musketeers and the Count of Monte Cristo. Largely self-educated, Dumas was a flamboyant youth with a gift for storytelling and a penchant for love affairs. At the age of 20 he obtained a minor post with the duc d'Orléans in Paris, and later he was active in the Revolution of 1830. His first successes were the historical dramas Henri III et sa cour (1829), Christine (1830), Antony (1831), and La Tour de Nesle (1832), notable for its evocation of the Middle Ages. After a number of novels, written independently or in collaboration, he produced his great triumphs, The Three Musketeers (1844, tr. 1846) and its sequels—Twenty Years After (1845, tr. 1846) and The Vicomte de Bragelonne (1848–50, tr. 1850?)—and The Count of Monte Cristo (1845, tr. 1846), which in its dramatic version was made famous by James O'Neill. Although these historical novels and their successors, written with the aid of numerous collaborators, especially Auguste Maquet, are scorned by critics, who find them lacking in style and characterization, they have had enormous popularity and have been translated into nearly every language. Among his other works are Queen Margot (1845, tr. 1845), The Lady of Monsoreau (1846, tr. 1847), The Forty-Five (1848), The Black Tulip (1850), and The Journal of Madame Giovanni (tr. 1944). Dumas père's incredible output of novels, travel works, memoirs, and historical studies made him wealthy, but he spent more than he earned on a horde of pensioners at his home, "Monte-Cristo," near Saint-Germain. His memoirs (1852–54) end with the year 1832. He was interested in Italian unification, and among his activities was a part in Garibaldi's expedition in 1860.

See studies by F. W. Hemmings (1980) and C. Schopp (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Alexandre Dumas pere: Selected full-text books and articles

The Titans: A Three-Generation Biography of the Dumas By André Maurois; Gerard Hopkins Harper and Brothers, 1957
FREE! The Three Musketeers By Alexandre Dumas; William Robson D. Appleton, 1901
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
The Count of Monte Cristo; or, The Reprisal of Edmond Dantes By Alexandre Dumas Mershon, 1928
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
The Count of Monte Cristo: Notes By James L. Roberts Cliffs Notes, 1985
Librarian's tip: This is the CliffsNotes on The Count of Monte Cristo
FREE! The Black Tulip By Alexandre Dumas; A. J. O’Connor P.F. Collier & Son, 1902
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Revolution in the Theatre: French Romantic Theories of Drama By Barry V. Daniels Greenwood Press, 1983
Librarian's tip: Chap. 8 "Alexandre Dumas, the Elder"
The Flower and the Castle: An Introduction to Modern Drama By Maurice Valency Macmillan, 1963
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Alexandre Dumas pere begins on p. 74
A History of the French Novel: (To the Close of the Nineteenth Century) By George Saintsbury MacMillan, vol.2, 1919
Librarian's tip: Chap. VIII "Dumas the Elder"
Literary Criticisms By Francis L. Thompson; Terence L. Connolly E. P. Dutton, 1948
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Alexandre Dumas pere begins on p. 392
The Vicomte de Bragelonne By Alexandre Dumas; David Coward Oxford University, 1998
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Cyclopedia of World Authors By Dayton Kohler; Frank N. Magill Harper & Row, 1958
Librarian's tip: "Alexandre Dumas pere" begins on p. 319
Romancing the Novel: Adventure from Scott to Sebald By Margaret Bruzelius Bucknell University Press, 2007
Dumas, the Prodigious: A Profile of Alexandre Dumas By Grenier, Cynthia The World and I, Vol. 13, No. 6, June 1998
Les Contes Du Monte-Cristo: Alexandre Dumas and His "Tales for Old and Young Children" By François, Cyrille Marvels & Tales, Vol. 29, No. 2, July 1, 2015
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Dumas Gastronomique By Fromkin, David New Criterion, Vol. 24, No. 6, February 2006
Behind the Iron Mask By Macdonald, Roger History Today, Vol. 55, No. 11, November 2005
Index in Alexandre Dumas' Novel the Man in the Iron Mask: A Semiotic Analysis By Syarifuddin, Salmia; Yahya, Andi Rukayah Alim; Jusoff, Kamaruzaman; Makhsud, Abdul English Language Teaching, Vol. 6, No. 10, October 2013
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Biographical Dictionary of Literary Influences: The Nineteenth Century, 1800-1914 By Derek W. Blakeley; Tessa Powell; J. H. Powell; James S. Olson Greenwood Press, 2001
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