Jean Rhys

Jean Rhys (rēs), pseud. of Ella Gwendoline Rees Williams, 1894–1979, English novelist, b. Dominica. Her novels written in the 1930s mercilessly exploit her own emotional life, depicting pretty, no-longer-young women who find themselves down and out in large European cities. Without work or funds, her characters must depend on men, chance encounters, or former lovers, for money to buy a hotel room, a drink, a pair of gloves. Rhys's vision is uncompromising and her literary style is spare. These early works include Quartet (1929), After Leaving Mr. Mackenzie (1931), and Good Morning, Midnight (1938). After a long retirement she published her masterpiece, Wide Sargasso Sea (1966), which drew equally on her own Caribbean childhood and on a reimagining of Charlotte Brönte's Jane Eyre from the perspective of Rochester's mad West Indian wife. It was followed by three short-story collections and Smile Please (1979), the first volume of an autobiography.

See biographies by C. Angier (1990) and L. Pizzichini (2009); F. Wyndham and D. Melly, ed., The Letters of Jean Rhys (1984); studies by T. Staley (1979), P. Wolfe (1980), D. Plante (1983), T. F. O'Connor (1986), N. R. Harrison (1988), M. L. Emery (1990), P. M. Frickey, ed. (1990), P. Le Gallez (1990), C. A. and D. Malcolm (1996), S. Sternlicht (1997), S. Maurel (1998), E. Savory (1998), S. Thomas (1999), C. Dell'Amico (2005), A. B. Simpson (2005), and C. Maslen (2009).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Jean Rhys: Selected full-text books and articles

The Routledge Reader in Caribbean Literature By Alison Donnell; Sarah Lawson Welsh Routledge, 1996
PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Jean Rhys By Elaine Savory Cambridge University Press, 1999
The Worlding of Jean Rhys By Sue Thomas Greenwood Press, 1999
Jean Rhys's Historical Imagination: Reading and Writing the Creole By Veronica Marie Gregg University of North Carolina Press, 1995
Jean Rhys and the Novel as Women's Text By Nancy Rebecca Harrison University of North Carolina Press, 1988
Jean Rhys By Castro, Joy The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Vol. 20, No. 2, Summer 2000
West Indian Intellectuals in Britain By Bill Schwarz Manchester University Press, 2003
'Doesn't That Make You Laugh?': Modernist Comedy in Jean Rhys's after Leaving Mr Mackenzie and Good Morning, Midnight By Wainwright, Laura Journal of International Women's Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3, March 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"As Soon as I Sober Up I Start Again": Alcohol and the Will in Jean Rhys's Pre-War Novels By Nardin, Jane Papers on Language & Literature, Vol. 42, No. 1, Winter 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"Haunted and Obeah": Gothic Spaces and Monstrous Landscapes in Jean Rhys's Voyage in the Dark By Munroe, April Studies in the Humanities, Vol. 42, No. 1-2, December 2015
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Poetics of Labor in Jean Rhys's Global Modernism By Emery, Mary Lou Philological Quarterly, Vol. 90, No. 2-3, Spring-Summer 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
"No Country Really Now": Modernist Cosmopolitanisms and Jean Rhys's Quartet By Clukey, Amy Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 56, No. 4, Winter 2010
Great World Writers: Twentieth Century By Patrick M. O'Neil Marshall Cavendish, vol.9, 2004
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