Stanley Kubrick

Stanley Kubrick (kōō´brĬk, kyōō´–), 1928–99, American film director, writer, and producer, b. New York City. His visually stunning, thematically daring, boldly idiosyncratic, and darkly compelling films generally portray a deeply flawed humanity. Kubrick made several documentary shorts in the 1950s, turning to film noir features with Fear and Desire (1953), Killer's Kiss (1955), and The Killing (1956). He scored his first hit with the bleak antiwar drama Paths of Glory (1957). After completing the Roman epic Spartacus (1960), he left Hollywood (1961) to move to England. He soon made a series of brilliant films: the sexualized, sad, and uproariously comic Lolita (1962), the apocalyptic black comedy Dr. Strangelove (1964), the science-fiction classic 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), and the violently futuristic A Clockwork Orange (1971). Kubrick's later films include Barry Lyndon (1975); The Shining (1980), a terrifying version of Stephen King's novel; the bitter Vietnam-era Full Metal Jacket (1987); and the psychosexual thriller Eyes Wide Shut (1999), his last film, called a masterpiece by some critics and a pretentious disappointment by others.

See biography by V. Lobrutto (1997); G. Phillips, Stanley Kubrick: A Film Odyssey (1975); T. A. Nelson, Kubrick: Inside a Film Artist's Maze (1982); M. Ciment, Kubrick (1983); N. Kagan, The Cinema of Stanley Kubrick (1989); M. Falsetto, Stanley Kubrick: A Narrative and Stylistic Analysis (1994).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press.

Stanley Kubrick: Selected full-text books and articles

Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey: New Essays By Robert Kolker Oxford University Press, 2006
Major Film Directors of the American and British Cinema By Gene D. Phillips Lehigh University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Stanley Kubrick: Stop the World"
Stanley Kubrick's a Clockwork Orange By Stuart Y. McDougal Cambridge University Press, 2003
Inventing Vietnam: The War in Film and Television By Michael Anderegg Temple University Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Male Bonding, Hollywood Orientalism, and the Repression of the Feminine in Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket"
Becoming Film Literate: The Art and Craft of Motion Pictures By Vincent Lobrutto Praeger, 2005
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 47 "Experimental Narrative: 2001: A Space Odyssey"
Nuclear War Films By Jack G. Shaheen Southern Illinois University Press, 1978
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Dr. Strangelove, or, How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb"
Celluloid Mushroom Clouds: Hollywood and the Atomic Bomb By Joyce A. Evans Westview Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Ridicule and Parody: Dr. Strangelove (1964)" begins on p. 163
The Country of the Mind in Kubrick's Fear and Desire By Sperb, Jason Film Criticism, Vol. 29, No. 1, Fall 2004
La Petite Mort: Sex Equated to Death Stanley Kubrick's Eyes Wide Shut By Williamson, Patricia Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, August 2001
Schnitzler, Kubrick, and "Fidelio" By Whitinger, Raleigh; Ingram, Susan Mosaic (Winnipeg), Vol. 36, No. 3, September 2003
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