William Gaddis

William Gaddis, 1922–98, American novelist, b. New York City. An erudite master of satire and black comedy, he was both praised and criticized for his avant-garde techniques—repetitions, multiple layers of meaning, sprawling shapelessness, frequent digressions, complexities of plot and language that can veer into incomprehensibility, and the exhausting length of his works. Gaddis wrote five novels, the second and fourth of which won the National Book Award. Epic in size, his first novel, The Recognitions (1955), examines falseness and the loss of authenticity in its story of a master forger. The next four novels are written almost completely without narration in a series of dialogues and a multiplicity of voices. JR (1975) concerns elaborate corporate shenanigans, Carpenter's Gothic (1985) explores ramifications of the Vietnam War, A Frolic of His Own (1994) skewers the litigious modern world, and the posthumously published Agapē Agape (2002) records the reflections of a dying writer obsessed with player pianos and, by extension, the nature of art. Gaddis's shorter prose is collected in The Rush for Second Place (2002).

See S. Moore, A Reader's Guide to William Gaddis's The Recognitions (1982) and William Gaddis (1989); S. Moore, ed., The Letters of William Gaddis (2013); E. B. Safer, The Contemporary American Comic Epic: The Novels of Barth, Pynchon, Gaddis, and Kesey (1988); J. Johnston, Carnival of Repetition (1989); G. Comnes, The Ethics of Indeterminacy in the Novels of William Gaddis (1994).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

William Gaddis: Selected full-text books and articles

Paper Empire: William Gaddis and the World System By Joseph Tabbi; Rone Shavers University of Alabama Press, 2007
The Ethics of Indeterminacy in the Novels of William Gaddis By Gregory Comnes University Press of Florida, 1994
The Self-Conscious Novel: Artifice in Fiction from Joyce to Pynchon By Brian Stonehill University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988
Librarian's tip: Includes "Plagiarizing The Recognitions"
Fiction in the Quantum Universe By Susan Strehle University of North Carolina Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: Includes "William Gaddis: JR and the Matter of Energy"
The Writer and Religion By William H. Gass; Lorin Cuoco Southern Illinois University Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: Includes a discussion on William Gaddis and his writings
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