William Golding

William Golding (Sir William Gerald Golding), 1911–93, English novelist, grad. Oxford (B.A. 1934). Praised for his highly imaginative and original writings, Golding was basically concerned with the realm of ideas, the eternal nature of humanity, and the immaterial, spiritual aspects of the world. In the work that brought him literary fame, the allegorical and, especially with adolescents, extremely popular Lord of the Flies (1954, film 1963), he described the nightmarish adventures of a group of English schoolboys stranded on a deserted island and traced their degeneration from a state of innocence to blood lust and savagery. His later works include The Inheritors (1955), Pincher Martin (1956), Free Fall (1959), The Spire (1964), The Pyramid (1967), The Scorpion God (1971), Darkness Visible (1979), and a maritime trilogy: Rites of Passage (1980), Close Quarters (1987), and Fire Down Below (1989). Golding was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1983 and was knighted in 1988.

See J. I. Biles, Talk: Conversations with William Golding (1970); biography by J. Carey (2010); studies by H. S. Babb (1970), V. Tiger (1974), J. I. Biles and R. O. Evans, ed. (1978), A. Johnston (1980), J. Briggs. ed. (1985), N. Page, ed. (1985), P. Redpath (1986), B. F. Dick (rev. ed. 1987), J. R. Baker, ed. (1988), S. J. Boyd (1988), J. Cary (1989), K. McCarron (1994 and 1995), H. Bloom, ed. (1996, repr. 2010), A. Hollinger (2000), I. Gregor and M. Kinkead-Weekes (rev. ed. 2002), and Y. Sugimura (2008).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

William Golding: Selected full-text books and articles

Great World Writers: Twentieth Century By Patrick M. O'Neil Marshall Cavendish, vol.4, 2004
Librarian's tip: "William Golding" begins on p. 437
The Fluctuations of William Golding's Critical Reputation By Doering, Jonathan W Contemporary Review, Vol. 280, No. 1636, May 2002
Contemporary British Novelists By Charles Shapiro Southern Illinois University Press, 1965
Librarian's tip: "The Elements of William Golding" begins on p. 36
Understanding Lord of the Flies: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents By Kirstin Olsen Greenwood Press, 2000
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide By M. Keith Booker Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian's tip: "William Golding: Lord of the Flies" begins on p. 161
A Matter of Belief: 'Pincher Martin's Afterlife By Surette, Leon Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 40, No. 2, Summer 1994
A Reconsideration of Oa the Earth Goddess in William Golding's 'The Inheritors' By Sugimura, Yasunori The Modern Language Review, Vol. 97, No. 2, April 2002
The Long Chronicle of Guilt: William Golding's the Spire By Sullivan, Walter Hollins Critic, Vol. 1, No. 3, June 1964
The Artful Equivocation of William Golding's the Double Tongue By Stape, J. H Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 47, No. 3, Fall 2001
Golding and Huxley: The Fables of Demonic Possession By Baker, James R Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 46, No. 3, Fall 2000
William Golding and His Egypts By Abdel-Hakim, Sahar Sobhi Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, No. 26, Annual 2006
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
After Innocence: Visions of the Fall in Modern Literature By Terry Otten University of Pittsburgh Press, 1982
Librarian's tip: "Lord of the Flies by William Golding" begins on p. 67
No Place Else: Explorations in Utopian and Dystopian Fiction By Eric S. Rabkin; Martin H. Greenberg; Joseph D. Olander Southern Illinois University Press, 1983
Librarian's tip: Chap. 12 "On Aggression: William Golding's Lord of the Flies"
Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature By Thomas Reed Whissen Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: "Lord of the Flies" begins on p. 140
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