Emma (by Jane Austen)

Austen, Jane

Jane Austen (ô´stən), 1775–1817, English novelist. The daughter of a clergyman, she spent the first 25 years of her life at "Steventon," her father's Hampshire vicarage. Here her first novels, Pride and Prejudice,Sense and Sensibility, and Northanger Abbey, were written, although they were not published until much later. On her father's retirement in 1801, the family moved to Bath for several years and then to Southampton, settling finally at Chawton Cottage, near Alton, Hampshire, which was Jane's home for the rest of her life.

Northanger Abbey, a satire on the Gothic romance, was sold to a publisher for £10 in 1803, but as it was not published, was bought back by members of the family and was finally issued posthumously. The novels published in Austen's lifetime were Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), and Emma (1816). Persuasion was issued in 1818 with Northanger Abbey. The author's name did not appear on any of her title pages, and although her own friends knew of her authorship, she received little public recognition in her lifetime.

Jane Austen's novels are comedies of manners that depict the self-contained world of provincial ladies and gentlemen. Most of her works revolve around the delicate business of providing husbands for marriageable daughters. She is particularly noted for her vivid delineations and lively interplay of character, her superb sense of comic irony, and her moral firmness. She ridicules the silly, the affected, and the stupid, ranging in her satire from light portraiture in her early works to more scornful exposures in her later novels. Her writing was subjected to the most careful polishing. She was quite aware of her special excellences and limitations, comparing herself to a miniaturist. Today she is regarded as one of the great masters of the English novel. Her minor works include her Juvenilia, the novel Lady Susan, and the fragments The Watsons and Sanditon.

See her letters (4th ed., ed. by D. La Faye, 2011); biographies by J. A. Hodge (1972), J. Halperin (1986), P. Honan (1988), V. G. Myer (1997), D. Nokes (1997), C. Tomalin (1997), C. Shields (2001), and P. Byrne (2013); studies by A. W. Litz (1965), F. W. Bradbook (1966), A. M. Duckworth (1971), K. Kroeber (1971), F. B. Pinion (1973), S. M. Tave (1973), C. Johnson (1988), C. Harman (2010), R. M. Brownstein (2011), R. and L. Adkins (2013), and J. Barchas (2013).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Emma (by Jane Austen): Selected full-text books and articles

Emma By Jane Austen; James Kinsley Oxford University Press, 1998
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Jane Austen's Emma By Harold Bloom Chelsea House, 1987
Librarian's tip: This is a book of literary criticism
Student Companion to Jane Austen By Debra Teachman Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Emma (1815)"
A Companion to Jane Austen By Claudia L. Johnson; Clara Tuite Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
Jane Austen and the Romantic Poets By William Deresiewicz Columbia University Press, 2004
Librarian's tip: Chap. Four "Emma: Ambiguous Relationships"
The Riddles of Emma. (Miscellany) By Sheehan, Colleen A Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal, Vol. 22, Annual 2000
Jane Austen's Englishness: Emma as National Tale By Southam, Brian C Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal, Vol. 30, Annual 2008
Where Does the Pleasure Come from? the Marriage Plot and Its Discontents in Jane Austen's Emma By Kreisel, Deanna K Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal, Vol. 29, Annual 2007
Darcy and Emma: Austen's Ironic Meditation on Gender By Overmann, Leee Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal, Vol. 31, Annual 2009
Ethos in Jane Austen's Emma By Klemann, Heather M Studies in Romanticism, Vol. 51, No. 4, Winter 2012
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Jane Austen: New Perspectives By Janet Todd Holmes & Meier, 1983
Librarian's tip: "Two Faces of Emma" begins on p. 248, and "Emma and Its Critics: The Value of Tact" begins on p. 257
Recreating Jane Austen By John Wiltshire Cambridge University Press, 2001
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Emma begins on p. 125
A Companion to Jane Austen Studies By Laura Cooner Lambdin; Robert Thomas Lambdin Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian's tip: Chap. 7 "Lampoon and Lampoonability: Emma and the Riddle of Popularity" and Chap. 8 "'And Very Good Lists They Were': Select Critical Readings of Jane Austen's Emma"
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