Lady Chatterley's Lover

Lawrence, D. H.

D. H. Lawrence: (David Herbert Lawrence), 1885–1930, English author, one of the primary shapers of 20th-century fiction.


The son of a Nottingham coal miner, Lawrence was a sickly child, devoted to his refined but domineering mother, who insisted upon his education. He graduated from the teacher-training course at University College, Nottingham, in 1905 and became a schoolmaster in a London suburb. In 1909 some of his poems were published in the English Review, edited by Ford Madox Ford, who was also instrumental in the publication of Lawrence's first novel, The White Peacock (1911).

Lawrence eloped to the Continent in 1912 with Frieda von Richthofen Weekley, a German noblewoman who was the wife of a Nottingham professor; they were married in 1914. During World War I the couple was forced to remain in England; Lawrence's outspoken opposition to the war and Frieda's German birth aroused suspicion that they were spies. In 1919 they left England, returning only for brief visits. Their nomadic existence was spent variously in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Australia, the United States (New Mexico), and Mexico. Lawrence died at the age of 45 of tuberculosis, a disease with which he had struggled for years.


Lawrence believed that industrialized Western culture was dehumanizing because it emphasized intellectual attributes to the exclusion of natural or physical instincts. He thought, however, that this culture was in decline and that humanity would soon evolve into a new awareness of itself as being a part of nature. One aspect of this "blood consciousness" would be an acceptance of the need for sexual fulfillment. His three great novels, Sons and Lovers (1913), The Rainbow (1915), and Women in Love (1921), concern the consequences of trying to deny humanity's union with nature.

After World War I, Lawrence began to believe that society needed to be reorganized under one superhuman leader. The novels containing this theme—Aaron's Rod (1922), Kangaroo (1923), and The Plumed Serpent (1926)—are all considered failures. Lawrence's most controversial novel is Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928), the story of an English noblewoman who finds love and sexual fulfillment with her husband's gamekeeper. Because their lovemaking is described in intimate detail (for the 1920s), the novel caused a sensation and was banned in England and the United States until 1959.

All of Lawrence's novels are written in a lyrical, sensuous, often rhapsodic prose style. He had an extraordinary ability to convey a sense of specific time and place, and his writings often reflected his complex personality. Lawrence's works include volumes of stories, poems, and essays. He also wrote a number of plays, travel books such as Etruscan Places (1932), and volumes of literary criticism, notably Studies in Classic American Literature (1916).


See the Portable D. H. Lawrence, ed. by D. Trilling (1947); his collected letters (ed. with introduction by H. T. Moore, 1962); his complete poems, ed. by V. De Sola Pinto and F. W. Roberts (1977); biographies by J. M. Murray (1931), G. Trease (1973), H. T. Moore (rev. ed. 1974), J. Meyers (1990), P. Callow (1998 and 2003), and J. Worthen (2005), and series biography by J. Worthen (Vol. I, 1991), M. Kinkead-Weekes (Vol. II, 1996), and D. Ellis (Vol III., 1998); D. H. Lawrence: The Story of a Marriage (1994) by B. Maddox; and The Cambridge Biography; studies by D. Cavitch (1970), R. E. Pritchard (1972), S. Spender, ed. (1973), S. Sanders (1974), and J. Meyers (1982 and 1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2018, The Columbia University Press.

Lady Chatterley's Lover: Selected full-text books and articles

Lady Chatterley's Lover By D. H. Lawrence Grove Press, 1959 (3rd edition)
A primary source is a work that is being studied, or that provides first-hand or direct evidence on a topic. Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts.
Suppressed Books: A History of the Conception of Literary Obscenity By Alec Craig World Publishing, 1963
Librarian's tip: Chap. XIV "Lady Chatterley's Lover"
Modernism and the Theater of Censorship By Adam Parkes Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Postwar Hysteria: The Case of Lady Chatterley's Lover"
The Novels of D. H. Lawrence: A Search for Integration By John E. Stoll University of Missouri Press, 1971
Librarian's tip: Chap. VIII "The Search for Limits: Lady Chatterley's Lover"
Defiant Desire: Some Dialectical Legacies of D.H. Lawrence By Kingsley Widmer Southern Illinois University Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: Chap. 3 "Problems of Desire in Lady Chatterley's Lover"
The Chatterley/Bolton Affair: The Freudian Path of Regression in Lady Chatterley's Lover By Doherty, Gerald Papers on Language & Literature, Fall 1998
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
D. H. Lawrence: The Failure and the Triumph of Art By Eliseo Vivas Northwestern University Press, 1960
Librarian's tip: Chap. Five "Lady Chatterley's Lover"
Theorizing Lawrence: Nine Meditations on Tropological Themes By Gerald Doherty Peter Lang, 1999
Librarian's tip: Chap. 6 "Lady Chatterley's Lover: Metaphor and Mental Disturbance"
Modern British Fiction By Mark Schorer Oxford University Press, 1961
Librarian's tip: Chap. 18 "On Lady Chatterley's Lover"
D. H. Lawrence: The Man Who Lived By Robert B. Partlow Jr.; Harry T. Moore Southern Illinois University Press, 1980
Librarian's tip: "Editing Lady Chatterley's Lover" begins on p. 62, and "The Loving of Lady Chatterley: D. H. Lawrence and the Phallic Imagination" begins on p. 143
Classic Cult Fiction: A Companion to Popular Cult Literature By Thomas Reed Whissen Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian's tip: Discussion of Lady Chatterley's Lover begins on p. 124
The Callisto Myth from Ovid to Atwood: Initiation and Rape in Literature By Kathleen Wall McGill-Queens University Press, 1988
Librarian's tip: Chap. Nine "Lady Chatterley's Lover: Liberating the Myth"
The Maze in the Mind and the World: Labyrinths in Modern Literature By Donald Gutierrez Whitston, 1985
Librarian's tip: Chap. 4 "'The Impossible Notation': The Sodomy Scene in Lady Chatterley's Lover"
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